Early prenatal alcohol exposure alters imprinted gene expression in placenta and embryo in a mouse model

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Marjonen , H , Toivonen , M , Lahti , L & Kaminen-Ahola , N 2018 , ' Early prenatal alcohol exposure alters imprinted gene expression in placenta and embryo in a mouse model ' , PLoS One , vol. 13 , no. 5 , 0197461 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197461

Title: Early prenatal alcohol exposure alters imprinted gene expression in placenta and embryo in a mouse model
Author: Marjonen, Heidi; Toivonen, Mia; Lahti, Laura; Kaminen-Ahola, Nina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2018-05-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/235992
Abstract: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can harm the embryonic development and cause life-long consequences in offspring's health. To clarify the molecular mechanisms of PAE we have used a mouse model of early alcohol exposure, which is based on maternal ad libitum ingestion of 10% (v/v) ethanol for the first eight days of gestation (GD 0.5-8.5). Owing to the detected postnatal growth-restricted phenotype in the offspring of this mouse model and both prenatal and postnatal growth restriction in alcohol-exposed humans, we focused on imprinted genes Insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2), H19, Small Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Polypeptide N (Snrpn) and Paternally expressed gene 3 (Peg3), which all are known to be involved in embryonic and placental growth and development. We studied the effects of alcohol on DNA methylation level at the Igf2/H19 imprinting control region (ICR), Igf2 differentially methylated region 1, Snrpn ICR and Peg3 ICR in 9.5 embryonic days old (E9.5) embryos and placentas by using MassARRAY EpiTYPER. To determine alcohol-induced alterations globally, we also examined methylation in long interspersed nuclear elements (Line-1) in E9.5 placentas. We did not observe any significant alcohol-induced changes in DNA methylation levels. We explored effects of PAE on gene expression of E9.5 embryos as well as E9.5 and E16.5 placentas by using quantitative PCR. The expression of growth promoter gene Igf2 was decreased in the alcohol-exposed E9.5 and E16.5 placentas. The expression of negative growth controller H19 was significantly increased in the alcohol exposed E9.5 embryos compared to controls, and conversely, a trend of decreased expression in alcohol-exposed E9.5 and E16.5 placentas were observed. Furthermore, increased Snrpn expression in alcohol-exposed E9.5 embryos was also detected. Our study indicates that albeit no alterations in the DNA methylation levels of studied sequences were detected by EpiTYPER, early PAE can affect the expression of imprinted genes in both developing embryo and placenta.
3111 Biomedicine

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