Nitrogen use efficiency of rye (Secale cereale) using organic fertilizers

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Title: Nitrogen use efficiency of rye (Secale cereale) using organic fertilizers
Author: Huang, Qiuchen
Other contributor: Helsingin yliopisto, Maatalous-metsätieteellinen tiedekunta, Maataloustieteiden laitos
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Agricultural Sciences
Helsingfors universitet, Agrikultur- och forstvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lantsbruksvetenskaper
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2018
Language: eng
Thesis level: master's thesis
Discipline: Kasvintuotantotieteet
Plant Production Science
Abstract: It’s urgent to increase per capita food production to meet the increasing population and its high demand while maintaining environmental stability. Aim to have higher yields as well as reduce harm to the environment, the most difficult problem is how to improve the nutrient use efficiency of plants. Thus using recycling fertilizers is more important in the agriculture practices, it can result in a long-term benefit of plants and environment. In order to explore the impacts of recycling fertilizers on grain yield and on fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), an experiment was laid out with the randomized design with 4 replicates of 6 treatments. The objectives were: (1) to test a range of organic fertilizers in arable crop production, especially to find possible differences in nitrogen productivity (2) to find possible differences in nitrogen uptake and in uptake efficiency by rye between variable organic fertilizers and between organic and mineral fertilizers. In the experiment, biogas residual, chemical fertilization, vermicompost, meat and bone meal, sewage sludge compost and unfertilized control were compared. The rates of N application, as kg N/ha varied from one fertilizer to another. This thesis studied impacts on field rye (Secale cereale). There were significant improvements (p < 0.05) in SPAD value, N yield in biomass, total above-ground biomass, and grain yield with the application of the fertilizers, compared with non-fertilized plots. Especially biogas residual, sewage sludge compost and chemical fertilizers were effective. The highest, 33% nitrogen use efficiency was achieved with chemical fertilizer, while sewage sludge compost was the best among organic fertilizers. Recycling fertilizers can produce as high yields of rye as mineral fertilizers, with equal fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency. The critical factor for high yield is the amount of total nitrogen applied, and plant availability of the nitrogen and various organic fertilizers vary in NUE.
Subject: fertilizer types
organic fertilizer
inorganic fertilizer
nutrient uptake

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