A closer look at travellers' infections abroad : Finnish nationwide data with incidences, 2010 to 2012

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Siikamäki , H , Kivela , P , Fotopoulos , M & Kantele , A 2017 , ' A closer look at travellers' infections abroad : Finnish nationwide data with incidences, 2010 to 2012 ' , Travel medicine and infectious disease , vol. 15 , pp. 29-36 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.10.007

Title: A closer look at travellers' infections abroad : Finnish nationwide data with incidences, 2010 to 2012
Author: Siikamäki, Heli; Kivela, Pia; Fotopoulos, Mikael; Kantele, Anu
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Travel medicine and infectious disease
ISSN: 1477-8939
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/236604
Abstract: Background: Although infections represent the most common health problem of travellers abroad, data on morbidity and incidences of various infections are scarce. Method: Data on infections of Finnish travellers during 2010-2012 were retrieved from the database of SOS International, an assistance organization covering 95% of Finns requiring aid abroad. The study included 30,086 cases. For incidence calculation, the data were linked to the numbers of Finns visiting these regions during the same period as recorded by the Official Statistics of Finland. Results: The incidence of infections was particularly high in Africa, southern Europe plus the eastern Mediterranean, and Asia plus Oceania. The most frequent diagnoses were acute gastroenteritis (38.0%) and respiratory-tract infections (RTI) (34.5%), followed by infections of the ear (12.6%), skin or subcutaneous tissue (5.1%), urogenital tract (4.2%), eye (3.1%), and systemic febrile infections (2.2%). Vaccinepreventable diseases (VPD) accounted for 0.8% of cases, with varicella as most (49%) and influenza as second-most (27%) common. Conclusions: Incidence of infections was higher in southern than in eastern and western Europe. Gastroenteritis and RTI proved the most frequent diagnoses, whereas systemic febrile infections were uncommon. Despite pre-travel immunizations, VPDs still occurred; pre-travel consultation should cover both varicella and influenza. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Travel
Incidence
Morbidity
Infection
Traveller's diarrhoea
Respiratory infection
Vaccine-preventable
GEOSENTINEL SURVEILLANCE NETWORK
RETURNED TRAVELERS
EUROPEAN TRAVELERS
PROSPECTIVE COHORT
HEALTH-PROBLEMS
FOLLOW-UP
DIARRHEA
ILLNESS
DISEASES
RISK
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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