Dietary supplementation with yeast hydrolysate in pregnancy influences colostrum yield and gut microbiota of sows and piglets after birth

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Hasan , S , Junnikkala , S , Peltoniemi , O , Paulin , L , Lyyski , A , Vuorenmaa , J & Oliviero , C 2018 , ' Dietary supplementation with yeast hydrolysate in pregnancy influences colostrum yield and gut microbiota of sows and piglets after birth ' , PLoS One , vol. 13 , no. 5 , 0197586 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197586

Title: Dietary supplementation with yeast hydrolysate in pregnancy influences colostrum yield and gut microbiota of sows and piglets after birth
Author: Hasan, Shah; Junnikkala, Sami; Peltoniemi, Olli; Paulin, Lars; Lyyski, Annina; Vuorenmaa, Juhani; Oliviero, Claudio
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Veterinary Microbiology and Epidemiology
University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine







Date: 2018-05-24
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197586
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/236727
Abstract: Dietary supplementation with yeast derivatives (YD) contributes to the health and physiology of sows and piglets, but few studies have focused on how it influences gut health and performance of sows and piglets. The goal was therefore to examine whether YD, based on brewer's yeast hydrolysate added to pregnancy diet, would affect colostrum composition, yield (CY) and gut microbiota of sows and piglets. Sows were allocated to either a control diet (n = 19) or a control diet supplemented with 2g YD/kg (n = 18) during the pregnancy. Piglets suckling belonging to the control sows (n = 114) and supplemented sows (n = 108) were also included in the study. Gut microbiota populations of sows at farrowing and piglets at one and four weeks of age were assessed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Colostrum samples were examined for nutritional composition and immunoglobulin (Ig) content. All piglets were individually weighed at birth and 24 hours later in order to calculate CY, and later at four weeks to calculate average daily gain (ADG). Protein, lactose and dry matter content of colostrum did not significantly differ between the two groups, while sows fed YD had higher levels of fat in their colostrum (P<0.05). Immunoglobulin A, IgM and IgG levels in colostrum did not differ between the two groups (P>0.05). Colostrum yield was lower in the control than that in YD group (3701g vs. 4581 g; P
Subject: MANNAN-OLIGOSACCHARIDE SUPPLEMENTATION
SULFATE-REDUCING BACTERIA
GROWTH-PERFORMANCE
NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY
ULCERATIVE-COLITIS
HUMAN FECES
PIG NUTRITION
WEANING PIGS
WEANED PIGS
HUMAN COLON
413 Veterinary science
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