Uncovering the hidden players in Lepidoptera biology : the heritable microbial endosymbionts

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/236773

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Duplouy , A & Hornett , E A 2018 , ' Uncovering the hidden players in Lepidoptera biology : the heritable microbial endosymbionts ' , PeerJ , vol. 6 , no. e4629 , 4629 . https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4629

Julkaisun nimi: Uncovering the hidden players in Lepidoptera biology : the heritable microbial endosymbionts
Tekijä: Duplouy, Anne; Hornett, Emily A.
Tekijän organisaatio: Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Life-history Evolution Research Group
Research Centre for Ecological Change
Päiväys: 2018-05-08
Kieli: eng
Sivumäärä: 45
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: PeerJ
ISSN: 2167-8359
DOI-tunniste: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4629
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/236773
Tiivistelmä: The Lepidoptera is one of the most widespread and recognisable insect orders. Due to their remarkable diversity, economic and ecological importance, moths and butterflies have been studied extensively over the last 200 years. More recently, the relationship between Lepidoptera and their heritable microbial endosymbionts has received increasing attention. Heritable endosymbionts reside within the host’s body and are often, but not exclusively, inherited through the female line. Advancements in molecular genetics have revealed that host-associated microbes are both extremely prevalent among arthropods and highly diverse. Furthermore, heritable endosymbionts have been repeatedly demonstrated to play an integral role in many aspects of host biology, particularly host reproduction. Here, we review the major findings of research of heritable microbial endosymbionts of butterflies and moths. We promote the Lepidoptera as important models in the study of reproductive manipulations employed by heritable endosymbionts, with the mechanisms underlying male-killing and feminisation currently being elucidated in moths and butterflies. We also reveal that the vast majority of research undertaken of Lepidopteran endosymbionts concerns Wolbachia. While this highly prevalent bacterium is undoubtedly important, studies should move towards investigating the presence of other, and interacting endosymbionts, and we discuss the merits of examining the microbiome of Lepidoptera to this end. We finally consider the importance of understanding the influence of endosymbionts under global environmental change and when planning conservation management of endangered Lepidoptera species.
Avainsanat: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Literature review
Evolutionary Studies
Entomology
Ecology
Conservation Biology
Symbiosis
Wolbachia
Conservation
Climate change
Butterfly
Moth
Microbes
MALE-KILLING WOLBACHIA
BUTTERFLY DANAUS-CHRYSIPPUS
SEX-RATIO DISTORTERS
FACULTATIVE BACTERIAL ENDOSYMBIONTS
INDUCED CYTOPLASMIC INCOMPATIBILITY
PARTHENOGENESIS-INDUCING WOLBACHIA
ISOPOD ARMADILLIDIUM-VULGARE
MEDITERRANEAN FLOUR MOTH
SELFISH GENETIC ELEMENTS
GREEN-ISLAND PHENOTYPE
Vertaisarvioitu: Kyllä
Tekijänoikeustiedot: cc_by
Pääsyrajoitteet: openAccess
Rinnakkaistallennettu versio: publishedVersion


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