Canine breeds associated with gastric carcinoma, metaplasia and dysplasia diagnosed by histopathology of endoscopic biopsy samples

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Candido , M V , Syrjä , P , Kilpinen , S & Spillmann , T 2018 , ' Canine breeds associated with gastric carcinoma, metaplasia and dysplasia diagnosed by histopathology of endoscopic biopsy samples ' , Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , vol. 60 , 37 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0392-6

Title: Canine breeds associated with gastric carcinoma, metaplasia and dysplasia diagnosed by histopathology of endoscopic biopsy samples
Author: Candido, Marcus Vinicius; Syrjä, Pernilla; Kilpinen, Susanne; Spillmann, Thomas
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Veterinary Pathology and Parasitology
University of Helsinki, Equine and Small Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Thomas Spillmann / Principal Investigator
Date: 2018-06-18
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
ISSN: 0044-605X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/236959
Abstract: Background: Gastric carcinoma (GC) is a rather rare pathological finding in dogs, with the exception of some breeds which seem predisposed. The etiopathogenesis is largely unknown in dogs, whereas in humans GC often develops from gastric mucosal metaplasia and dysplasia. This study investigates whether dogs of certain breeds are more often subject to gastroduodenoscopy (GDS), and diagnosed with GC, mucosal metaplasia or dysplasia. A retrospective clinical database search was performed at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at the University of Helsinki, Finland. The following inclusion criteria were applied to estimate relative risk for metaplasia/dysplasia and GC: dogs from pure breeds with at least five individuals subject to GDS with histopathology of gastric biopsies. Results: Between 2006 and 2016, from a total of 54945 canine patients presented, 423 dogs underwent GDS. Inclusion criteria were met in 180 dogs of 20 different pure breeds. Eight dogs had GCs (mean age = 9.8 +/- 1.7 years): Belgian Tervuren (n = 4), Collie (n = 2), Golden Retriever (n = 1) and Jack Russel Terrier (n = 1). Fourteen dogs of eight breeds had gastric mucosal metaplasia or dysplasia. A log-binomial statistical model revealed that dogs in the following breeds had a significantly higher probability to undergo GDS than the others in the study population: Australian Terrier, Belgian Tervuren, Cairn Terrier, Collie and Siberian Husky. Belgian Tervuren was found at higher risk to be diagnosed with GC [RR = 19 (5.7-63.9; P <0.0001)], as well as mucosal metaplasia/dysplasia [RR (7.6; 2.95-19.58; P <0.0001)], as compared to the other breeds included. Shetland Sheepdog had an increased RR (5.83; 1.75-19.45; P = 0.0041) for metaplasia. Conclusions: The results indicate a very low incidence of GC in dogs. The Belgian Tervuren, however, appears as predisposed. The histopathologic descriptions of mucosal changes such as metaplasia and dysplasia were also rare, but were more frequent in the Belgian Tervuren. Previous reports of these changes in dogs are very scarce, but they might be presumably related to GC in dogs, as they are in humans. Future research should investigate the possible role of metaplasia and dysplasia in the development of GC in dogs, especially those of predisposed breeds.
Subject: Breed predisposition
Cancer
Dog
Dysplasia
Endoscopy
Gastric carcinoma
Gastroduodenoscopy
Metaplasia
DOGS
CANCER
CATS
NEOPLASIA
CHROMOENDOSCOPY
LUNDEHUND
INFECTION
DISEASE
POLYPS
413 Veterinary science
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