Severe intimate partner violence affecting both young and elderly patients of both sexes

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/237058

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Hackenberg , E A M , Sallinen , V , Koljonen , V & Handolin , L 2017 , ' Severe intimate partner violence affecting both young and elderly patients of both sexes ' , European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery , vol. 43 , no. 3 , pp. 319-327 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-016-0646-9

Title: Severe intimate partner violence affecting both young and elderly patients of both sexes
Author: Hackenberg, E. A. M.; Sallinen, V.; Koljonen, Virve; Handolin, Lauri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, II kirurgian klinikka
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, I kirurgian klinikka (Töölö)
Date: 2017-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
ISSN: 1863-9933
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/237058
Abstract: Background Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects 25-35 % of women and men in Western countries. Despite the high prevalence of IPV among trauma patients, very little is known about the associated injuries. Most previous studies excluded male victims and IPV is often limited to violence against women. Few reports on IPV among elderly patients exist. Methods We examined self-reports of IPV among patients at two major trauma centers of the Helsinki Central Hospital in Finland. Based on previous studies, we hypothesized that we would find the most severe injuries among young and middle-aged women. Results We identified 29 patients with a total of 105 injuries; patients typically presented with multiple injuries. Half of all patients required hospitalization or surgery. Contrary to previous studies, 17 % of our cohort were male, while 17 % of patients were 65 years or older. We found that 40 % of male victims presented with a New Injury Severity Score (NISS) over 15, indicating severe trauma. Two elderly patients presented with an NISS of 27, the highest in our study. Conclusions IPV leads to severe injury across all age groups among both male and female patients. The injury mechanism should be clearly defined for all trauma patients, keeping IPV in mind as a potential cause despite patient age or gender.
Subject: Intimate partner violence
Injury
Emergency room
Age
Gender
New Injury Severity Score
GENDER SYMMETRY
WOMEN
PREVALENCE
VICTIMS
STATES
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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