Adherence to the healthy Nordic diet is associated with weight change during 7 years of follow-up

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Kanerva , N , Harald , K , Männistö , S , Kaartinen , N E , Maukonen , M , Haukkala , A & Jousilahti , P 2018 , ' Adherence to the healthy Nordic diet is associated with weight change during 7 years of follow-up ' , British Journal of Nutrition , vol. 120 , no. 1 , pp. 101-110 . https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518001344

Title: Adherence to the healthy Nordic diet is associated with weight change during 7 years of follow-up
Author: Kanerva, Noora; Harald, Kennet; Männistö, Satu; Kaartinen, Niina E.; Maukonen, Mirkka; Haukkala, Ari; Jousilahti, Pekka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
Date: 2018-07-14
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: British Journal of Nutrition
ISSN: 0007-1145
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/237159
Abstract: Studies indicate that the healthy Nordic diet may improve heart health, but its relation to weight change is less clear. We studied the association between the adherence to the healthy Nordic diet and long-term changes in weight, BMI and waist circumference. Furthermore, the agreement between self-reported and measured body anthropometrics was examined. The population-based DIetary, Lifestyle and Genetic Determinants of Obesity and Metabolic syndrome Study in 2007 included 5024 Finns aged 25-75 years. The follow-up was conducted in 2014 (n 3735). One-third of the participants were invited to a health examination. The rest were sent measuring tape and written instructions along with questionnaires. The Baltic Sea Diet Score (BSDS) was used to measure adherence to the healthy Nordic diet. Association of the baseline BSDS and changes in BSDS during the follow-up with changes in body anthropometrics were examined using linear regression analysis. The agreement between self-reported and nurse-measured anthropometrics was determined with Bland-Altman analysis. Intra-class correlation coefficients between self-reported and nurse-measured anthropometrics exceeded 0.95. The baseline BSDS associated with lower weight (beta = -0.056, P = 0.043) and BMI (beta = -0.021, P=0.031) over the follow-up. This association was especially evident among those who had increased their BSDS. In conclusion, both high initial and improved adherence to the healthy Nordic diet may promote long-term weight maintenance. The self-reported/measured anthropometrics were shown to have high agreement with nurse-measured values which adds the credibility of our results.
Subject: Baltic Sea Diet Score
Dietary score
Nordic diet
Validation
Weight change
BALTIC SEA DIET
FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS
SELF-REPORTED HEIGHT
BODY-MASS INDEX
WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE
MEDITERRANEAN DIET
METABOLIC SYNDROME
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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