Like parent, like child? : Dietary resemblance in families

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dc.contributor.author DAGIS Consortium Grp
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-19T10:00:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-19T10:00:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-07-03
dc.identifier.citation DAGIS Consortium Grp 2018 , ' Like parent, like child? Dietary resemblance in families ' , International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , vol. 15 , 62 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-018-0693-1
dc.identifier.other PURE: 114652630
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 602e76cd-0166-45e0-b607-4b25cecee068
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000437474200001
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85049465004
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-0525-9877/work/46835380
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-0177-3609/work/46835980
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-6966-1523/work/46835515
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/237210
dc.description.abstract Background: Studies investigating dietary resemblance between parents and their children have gained mixed results, and the resemblance seems to vary across nutrients, foods, dietary-assessment tools used, and parent-child pairs. We investigated parent-child dietary resemblance using a novel approach in applying statistical analysis, which allowed the comparison of 'whole-diet' between parents and their children. Additionally, we sought to establish whether sociodemographic factors or family meals were associated with dietary resemblance and whether parent-child dietary resemblance was dependent on the parent providing food consumption data on behalf of the child (father or mother, "the respondent"). Methods: The DAGIS study investigated health behaviors among Finnish preschoolers using a cross-sectional design. One parent filled in a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) measuring the child's food consumption outside preschool hours during the last week. In addition, we instructed both parents or legal guardians, should the child have two, to fill in a similar FFQ regarding their own food use. Parents also reported their educational level, the number of children living in the same household, and the number of family meals. As a measure of dietary resemblance between a parent and a child, we computed Spearman correlations ranging mostly from no resemblance (0) to complete resemblance (+1) between parent-child pairs over the 'whole-diet' (excluding preschool hours). These resemblance measures were further investigated using linear mixed models. Results: We obtained 665 father-child and 798 mother-child resemblance measures. Mother-child resemblance was on average 0.57 and stronger than father-child resemblance (0.50, p <0.0001), which was explained by a parent-respondent interaction: the diet of the child resembled more the diet of the parent who provided food consumption data for the child. In univariate models, father-and mother-reported number of family meals were positively associated with father-child and mother-child resemblances. Mother-reported number of family meals was positively associated with mother-child resemblance in a full model. Conclusions: The diet of the child seems to resemble more the diet of the parent responsible for the reporting of food consumption. Studies should report who provided the food consumption data for the child and take this into account in analyses, since reporter-bias can influence the results. en
dc.format.extent 11
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Dietary similarity
dc.subject Dietary concordance
dc.subject Familial aggregation
dc.subject Whole diet
dc.subject Families
dc.subject Role modeling
dc.subject Food environment
dc.subject Social food environment
dc.subject Multivariate similarity measure
dc.subject PRESCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN
dc.subject NUTRIENT INTAKE
dc.subject VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION
dc.subject PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
dc.subject FOOD
dc.subject FRUIT
dc.subject ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject BEHAVIORS
dc.subject PATTERNS
dc.subject MOTHERS
dc.subject 416 Food Science
dc.title Like parent, like child? : Dietary resemblance in families en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Food and Nutrition
dc.contributor.organization University of Helsinki
dc.contributor.organization Nutrition Science
dc.contributor.organization Doctoral Programme in Food Chain and Health
dc.contributor.organization Department of Public Health
dc.contributor.organization Eva Roos / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Clinicum
dc.contributor.organization Maijaliisa Erkkola / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Teachers' Academy
dc.contributor.organization Family nutrition and wellbeing
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-018-0693-1
dc.relation.issn 1479-5868
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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