Journal Articles and Conference Papers

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  • Nyman, Linus Morten (2014-08-27)
    All open source licenses allow the copying of an existing body of code for use as the basis of a separate development project. This practice is commonly known as forking the code. This paper presents the results of a study in which 11 programmers were interviewed about their opinions on the right to fork and the impact of forking on open source software development. The results show that there is a general consensus among programmers’ views regarding both the favourable and unfavourable aspects that stem from the right to fork. Interestingly, while all programmers noted potential downsides to the right to fork, it was seen by all as an integral component of open source software, and a right that must not be infringed regardless of circumstance or outcome.
  • Holmlund, Maria; Kowalkowski, Christian; Biggemann, Sergio (Elsevier Inc, 2016)
    Many businesses today recognize the increased significance of service and the transition toward service orientation. Nonetheless, organizational practitioners frequently encounter problems managing this shift and seizing service-related business opportunities. This practical relevance, together with many still-unanswered service research questions, has inspired the preparation of this special section that advances the extant literatures on business services. We finish by providing a research agenda. First, more research is needed on the buyer perspective. Second, researchers need to keep in mind financial issues related to business services. Third, more researchers could tap into management, leadership, and decision-making in business service companies. Finally, sustainability, social responsibility, and environmental considerations are important topics for further exploration.
  • Hearn, Jeff (Akademie Ved Ceske Republiky * Sociologicky Ustav, 2014-08)
  • Swahnberg, Katarina; Davidsson-Simmons, Johanna; Hearn, Jeff; Wijma, Barbro (SAGE Publications, 2012)
  • Ahmed, Sheraz; Hussain, Mujahid (M.E.Sharpe, 2014)
    This paper examines the impact of bilateral political and military news on the returns and volatility of the stock markets of India and Pakistan. Our results show that the volatility of both stock markets shows a significant reaction on the arrival of the news related to military aggression in a reciprocal way. Moreover, while the Indian stock market’s volatility seems to show a subdued response to bilateral political news, the Pakistani stock market appears to be sensitive to both political and military news originating from either country. The relatively stronger impact of military events can be attributed to a higher financial cost of confrontation between two countries.
  • Stenbacka, Rune; Tombak, Mihkel (Elsevier BV * North-Holland, 2012)
  • Koskela, Erkki; Stenbacka, Rune; Juselius, Mikael (Taloustieteellinen Seura ry, 2013)
  • Gehrig, Thomas; Shy, Oz; Stenbacka, Rune (Springer, 2012)
  • Tatham, Peter; Oloruntoba, Richard; Spens, Karen (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2012)
  • Martikainen, Minna; Nikkinen, Jussi; Saleem, Kashif (Clute Institute for Academic Research, 2013)
  • Brunzell, Tor; Liljeblom, Eva (Emerald Group Publishing Ltd, 2014-08)
    ´Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to survey chairmen’s perceptions of female board representation in five Nordic countries, focusing on whether the chairman’s perception of board work is related to gender diversity, and on differences between high- and low-risk firms. Design/methodology/approach – The authors combine data from a questionnaire directed to the chairmen of the boards in Nordic listed companieswith data on firmcharacteristics and board composition. Findings – The authors find that the chairmen (97.5 percent male) are significantly less satisfied with female board members as compared to male ones. The authors also find that firms with nomination committees have more gender diverse boards, as well as indications of a more positively perceived contribution of female representation in high-risk firms. Research limitations/implications – The study is restricted to perceptions of chairmen for listed Nordic firms. The low response rate of 20.1 percent is a severe limitation. Practical implications – The increasing practice of using nomination committees in the Nordic countries seems advantageous from gender balance perspective. Originality/value – The authors contribute to the literature on gender diversity in boards by providing results from a board intern perspective. Keywords Diversity, Board of directors, Board effectiveness, Gender minority Paper type Research paper
  • Brunzell, Tor; Liljeblom, Eva; Löflund, Anders; Vaihekoski, Mika (Elsevier BV * North-Holland, 2014-08)
    In this paper we analyze the results from a survey among all publicly listed Nordic firms on their dividend payout policy. The results show that 72% of the Nordic companies have a specified dividend policy. Larger andmore profitable companies aremore likely to have a defined dividend policy in place. The dividend policy is mostly influenced by capital structure considerations and the outlook of future earnings. We also find that the likelihood for a firm having an explicit dividend policy is positively related to ownership concentration as well as to the presence of large long-term private or industrial owners. Our results support the use of defined dividend policies for agency or monitoring reasons rather than signaling reasons.
  • Brunzell, Tor; Liljeblom, Eva; Vaihekoski, Mika (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia, 2013-03-18)
    We study the determinants for the choice of capital budgeting methods and the setting of hurdle rates (WACCs) in five Nordic countries. Combining survey data with a rich set of determinants, including ownership data, CFO characteristics, and financial data, we find that the use of the Net Present Value method and the sophistication of the capital budgeting are related to firm characteristics, vari- ables proxying for real option features in investments and CFO characteristics (age and education). We also find support for significantly higher hurdle rates than motivated by economic theory. The premium is weakly positively related to managerial short-term pressure and strongly negatively related to the sophistica- tion level of the firm’s capital budgeting.
  • Laakso, Mikael; Nyman, Linus (M D P I AG, 2016-02-06)
    It has long been argued that the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data model standard is the key to unlocking the potential of interoperable Building Information Modeling (BIM). Despite a wealth of published research literature incorporating IFC, there have been no attempts at systematically summarizing the literature related to the standard. Targeting both summation and analysis of thematic developments over time, we performed a comprehensive systematic literature review of IFC‐related research published between 1997 and 2007: the first 11 years of research on the standard. Through a systematic web‐retrieval process, 170 unique publications were collected, read, and mapped to a custom framework. The results reveal that journals and conferences have been an integral part of the technical evaluation and development of the standard. The full classification data is provided as an appendix to facilitate future research on IFC and other standards.