Stand dynamics modulate water cycling and mortality risk in droughted tropical forest

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da Costa , A C L , Rowland , L , Oliveira , R S , Oliveira , A A R , Binks , O J , Salmon , Y , Vasconcelos , S S , Junior , J A S , Ferreira , L V , Poyatos , R , Mencuccini , M & Meir , P 2018 , ' Stand dynamics modulate water cycling and mortality risk in droughted tropical forest ' , Global Change Biology , vol. 24 , no. 1 , pp. 249-258 . https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13851

Title: Stand dynamics modulate water cycling and mortality risk in droughted tropical forest
Author: da Costa, Antonio C. L.; Rowland, Lucy; Oliveira, Rafael S.; Oliveira, Alex A. R.; Binks, Oliver J.; Salmon, Yann; Vasconcelos, Steel S.; Junior, João A. S.; Ferreira, Leandro V.; Poyatos, Rafael; Mencuccini, Maurizio; Meir, Patrick
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Ecosystem processes (INAR Forest Sciences)
Date: 2018-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Global Change Biology
ISSN: 1365-2486
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/237861
Abstract: Transpiration from the Amazon rainforest generates an essential water source at a global and local scale. However, changes in rainforest function with climate change can disrupt this process, causing significant reductions in precipitation across Amazonia, and potentially at a global scale. We report the only study of forest transpiration following a long-term (>10 year) experimental drought treatment in Amazonian forest. After 15 years of receiving half the normal rainfall, drought-related tree mortality caused total forest transpiration to decrease by 30%. However, the surviving droughted trees maintained or increased transpiration because of reduced competition for water and increased light availability, which is consistent with increased growth rates. Consequently, the amount of water supplied as rainfall reaching the soil and directly recycled as transpiration increased to 100%. This value was 25% greater than for adjacent nondroughted forest. If these drought conditions were accompanied by a modest increase in temperature (e.g., 1.5°C), water demand would exceed supply, making the forest more prone to increased tree mortality.
Subject: 114 Physical sciences
1172 Environmental sciences
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
drought, sap flux, transpiration, tree mortality, tropical forest, water cycling
water cycling
tree mortality
AMAZONIAN RAIN-FOREST
CLIMATE-CHANGE
FLUX
SOIL-MOISTURE DEFICIT
TRANSPIRATION
RESPONSES
SEASONALITY
sap flux
transpiration
TREES
drought
REGIONAL CLIMATE
tropical forest
HYDRAULICS
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