High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses

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Tedersoo , L , Sanchez-Ramirez , S , Koljalg , U , Bahram , M , Doring , M , Schigel , D , May , T , Ryberg , M & Abarenkov , K 2018 , ' High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses ' , Fungal diversity : an international journal of mycology , vol. 90 , no. 1 , pp. 135-159 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-018-0401-0

Title: High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses
Author: Tedersoo, Leho; Sanchez-Ramirez, Santiago; Koljalg, Urmas; Bahram, Mohammad; Doring, Markus; Schigel, Dmitry; May, Tom; Ryberg, Martin; Abarenkov, Kessy
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Biosciences
Date: 2018-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 25
Belongs to series: Fungal diversity : an international journal of mycology
ISSN: 1560-2745
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/238983
Abstract: High-throughput sequencing studies generate vast amounts of taxonomic data. Evolutionary ecological hypotheses of the recovered taxa and Species Hypotheses are difficult to test due to problems with alignments and the lack of a phylogenetic backbone. We propose an updated phylum-and class-level fungal classification accounting for monophyly and divergence time so that the main taxonomic ranks are more informative. Based on phylogenies and divergence time estimates, we adopt phylum rank to Aphelidiomycota, Basidiobolomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Glomeromycota, Entomophthoromycota, Entorrhizomycota, Kickxellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Mortierellomycota and Olpidiomycota. We accept nine subkingdoms to accommodate these 18 phyla. We consider the kingdom Nucleariae (phyla Nuclearida and Fonticulida) as a sister group to the Fungi. We also introduce a perl script and a newick-formatted classification backbone for assigning Species Hypotheses into a hierarchical taxonomic framework, using this or any other classification system. We provide an example of testing evolutionary ecological hypotheses based on a global soil fungal data set.
Subject: 51 new taxa
Species Hypothesis
Taxonomy of fungi
Phylogenetic classification
Subkingdom
Phylum
Nucleariae
Ascomycota
Aphelidiomycota
Basidiobolomycota
Basidiomycota
Blastocladiomycota
Calcarisporiellomycota
Chytridiomycota
Entomophthoromycota
Entorrhizomycota
Glomeromycota
Kickxellomycota
Monoblepharomycota
Mortierellomycota
Mucoromycota
Neocallimastigomycota
Olpidiomycota
Rozellomycota
Zoopagomycota
COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
PHYLOGENETIC CLASSIFICATION
MOLECULAR-IDENTIFICATION
ECTOMYCORRHIZAL FUNGI
DIVERGING FUNGI
SEQUENCE DATA
DIVERSITY
PHYLUM
CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA
ORDER
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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