Search for Maximal Flavor Violating Scalars in Same-Charge Lepton Pairs in pp̅ Collisions at √s=1.96  TeV

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Aaltonen , T , Mehtälä , P , Orava , R , Mäki , T , Saarikko , H , Österberg , K & CDF Collaboration 2009 , ' Search for Maximal Flavor Violating Scalars in Same-Charge Lepton Pairs in pp̅ Collisions at √s=1.96  TeV ' , Physical Review Letters , vol. 102 , no. 4 , pp. 041801 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.041801

Title: Search for Maximal Flavor Violating Scalars in Same-Charge Lepton Pairs in pp̅ Collisions at √s=1.96  TeV
Author: Aaltonen, Timo; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF Collaboration
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2009
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Physical Review Letters
ISSN: 0031-9007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/23972
Abstract: Models of Maximal Flavor Violation (MxFV) in elementary particle physics may contain at least one new scalar SU$(2)$ doublet field $\Phi_{FV} = (\eta^0,\eta^+)$ that couples the first and third generation quarks ($q_1,q_3$) via a Lagrangian term $\mathcal{L}_{FV} = \xi_{13} \Phi_{FV} q_1 q_3$. These models have a distinctive signature of same-charge top-quark pairs and evade flavor-changing limits from meson mixing measurements. Data corresponding to 2 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the CDF II detector in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ TeV are analyzed for evidence of the MxFV signature. For a neutral scalar $\eta^0$ with $m_{\eta^0} = 200$ GeV/$c^2$ and coupling $\xi_{13}=1$, $\sim$ 11 signal events are expected over a background of $2.1 \pm 1.8$ events. Three events are observed in the data, consistent with background expectations, and limits are set on the coupling $\xi_{13}$ for $m_{\eta^0} = 180-300$ GeV/$c^2$.
Subject: 114 Physical sciences
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