2017 WSES guidelines on colon and rectal cancer emergencies : obstruction and perforation

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Pisano , M , Zorcolo , L , Merli , C , Cimbanassi , S , Poiasina , E , Ceresoli , M , Agresta , F , Allievi , N , Bellanova , G , Coccolini , F , Coy , C , Fugazzola , P , Martinez , C A , Montori , G , Paolillo , C , Penachim , T J , Pereira , B , Reis , T , Restivo , A , Rezende-Neto , J , Sartelli , M , Valentino , M , Abu-Zidan , F M , Ashkenazi , I , Bala , M , Chiara , O , de' Angelis , N , Deidda , S , De Simone , B , Di Saverio , S , Finotti , E , Kenji , I , Moore , E , Wexner , S , Biffl , W , Coimbra , R , Guttadauro , A , Leppäniemi , A , Maier , R , Magnone , S , Mefire , A C , Peitzmann , A , Sakakushev , B , Sugrue , M , Viale , P , Weber , D , Kashuk , J , Fraga , G P , Kluger , I , Catena , F & Ansaloni , L 2018 , ' 2017 WSES guidelines on colon and rectal cancer emergencies : obstruction and perforation ' , World journal of emergency surgery , vol. 13 , 36 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13017-018-0192-3

Title: 2017 WSES guidelines on colon and rectal cancer emergencies : obstruction and perforation
Author: Pisano, Michele; Zorcolo, Luigi; Merli, Cecilia; Cimbanassi, Stefania; Poiasina, Elia; Ceresoli, Marco; Agresta, Ferdinando; Allievi, Niccolo; Bellanova, Giovanni; Coccolini, Federico; Coy, Claudio; Fugazzola, Paola; Martinez, Carlos Augusto; Montori, Giulia; Paolillo, Ciro; Penachim, Thiago Jose; Pereira, Bruno; Reis, Tarcisio; Restivo, Angelo; Rezende-Neto, Joao; Sartelli, Massimo; Valentino, Massimo; Abu-Zidan, Fikri M.; Ashkenazi, Itamar; Bala, Miklosh; Chiara, Osvaldo; de' Angelis, Nicola; Deidda, Simona; De Simone, Belinda; Di Saverio, Salomone; Finotti, Elena; Kenji, Inaba; Moore, Ernest; Wexner, Steven; Biffl, Walter; Coimbra, Raul; Guttadauro, Angelo; Leppäniemi, Ari; Maier, Ron; Magnone, Stefano; Mefire, Alain Chicom; Peitzmann, Andrew; Sakakushev, Boris; Sugrue, Michael; Viale, Pierluigi; Weber, Dieter; Kashuk, Jeffry; Fraga, Gustavo P.; Kluger, Ioran; Catena, Fausto; Ansaloni, Luca
Contributor: University of Helsinki, II kirurgian klinikka
Date: 2018-08-13
Language: eng
Number of pages: 27
Belongs to series: World journal of emergency surgery
ISSN: 1749-7922
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/240219
Abstract: Obstruction and perforation due to colorectal cancer represent challenging matters in terms of diagnosis, life-saving strategies, obstruction resolution and oncologic challenge. The aims of the current paper are to update the previous WSES guidelines for the management of large bowel perforation and obstructive left colon carcinoma (OLCC) and to develop new guidelines on obstructive right colon carcinoma (ORCC). Methods: The literature was extensively queried for focused publication until December 2017. Precise analysis and grading of the literature has been performed by a working group formed by a pool of experts: the statements and literature review were presented, discussed and voted at the Consensus Conference of the 4th Congress of the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) held in Campinas in May 2017. Results: CT scan is the best imaging technique to evaluate large bowel obstruction and perforation. For OLCC, selfexpandable metallic stent (SEMS), when available, offers interesting advantages as compared to emergency surgery; however, the positioning of SEMS for surgically treatable causes carries some long-term oncologic disadvantages, which are still under analysis. In the context of emergency surgery, resection and primary anastomosis (RPA) is preferable to Hartmann's procedure, whenever the characteristics of the patient and the surgeon are permissive. Rightsided loop colostomy is preferable in rectal cancer, when preoperative therapies are predicted. With regards to the treatment of ORCC, right colectomy represents the procedure of choice; alternatives, such as internal bypass and loop ileostomy, are of limited value. Clinical scenarios in the case of perforation might be dramatic, especially in case of free faecal peritonitis. The importance of an appropriate balance between life-saving surgical procedures and respect of oncologic caveats must be stressed. In selected cases, a damage control approach may be required. Medical treatments including appropriate fluid resuscitation, early antibiotic treatment and management of co-existing medical conditions according to international guidelines must be delivered to all patients at presentation. Conclusions: The current guidelines offer an extensive overview of available evidence and a qualitative consensus regarding management of large bowel obstruction and perforation due to colorectal cancer.
Subject: Colon
Rectum
Cancer
Obstruction
Perforation
Emergency
LARGE-BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
MALIGNANT COLORECTAL OBSTRUCTION
LONG-TERM OUTCOMES
EXPANDING METALLIC STENT
TRANSANAL-DRAINAGE-TUBE
LOW ANTERIOR RESECTION
RANDOMIZED-CONTROLLED-TRIAL
ELDERLY NONTRAUMA PATIENTS
CONVENTIONAL OPEN SURGERY
DAMAGE-CONTROL CELIOTOMY
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
3122 Cancers
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