Strong Evidence for ZZ Production in pp̅ Collisions at √s=1.96  TeV

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Aaltonen , T A , Mehtälä , P , Orava , R , Mäki , T , Saarikko , H , Österberg , K & CDF Collaboration 2008 , ' Strong Evidence for ZZ Production in pp̅ Collisions at √s=1.96  TeV ' , Physical Review Letters , vol. 100 , no. 20 , pp. 201801 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.201801

Title: Strong Evidence for ZZ Production in pp̅ Collisions at √s=1.96  TeV
Author: Aaltonen, Timo Antero; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF Collaboration
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2008
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Physical Review Letters
ISSN: 0031-9007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/24266
Abstract: We report the first measurement of the cross section for Z boson pair production at a hadron collider. This result is based on a data sample corresponding to 1.9 fb-1 of integrated luminosity from ppbar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. In the llll channel, we observe three ZZ candidates with an expected background of 0.096^{+0.092}_{-0.063} events. In the llnunu channel, we use a leading-order calculation of the relative ZZ and WW event probabilities to discriminate between signal and background. In the combination of llll and llnunu channels, we observe an excess of events with a probability of $5.1\times 10^{-6}$ to be due to the expected background. This corresponds to a significance of 4.4 standard deviations. The measured cross section is sigma(ppbar -> ZZ) = 1.4^{+0.7}_{-0.6} (stat.+syst.) pb, consistent with the standard model expectation.
Subject: 114 Physical sciences
hep-ex
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