Explanation by Idealized Theories

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dc.contributor.author Niiniluoto, Ilkka
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-17T09:46:00Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-17T09:46:00Z
dc.date.issued 2018-06
dc.identifier.citation Niiniluoto , I 2018 , ' Explanation by Idealized Theories ' , Kairos , vol. 20 , no. 1 , pp. 43-63 . https://doi.org/10.2478/kjps-2018-0003 en
dc.identifier.issn 1521-2300
dc.identifier.other PURE: 115526161
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 71a090d5-a90e-42ae-ae27-dec59fd43c61
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-3162-5970/work/52397933
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000442412200003
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/243081
dc.description.abstract The use of idealized scientific theories in explanations of empirical facts and regularities is problematic in two ways: they don't satisfy the condition that the explanans is true, and they may fail to entail the explanandum. An attempt to deal with the latter problem was proposed by Hempel and Popper with their notion of approximate explanation. A more systematic perspective on idealized explanations was developed with the method of idealization and concretization by the Poznan school (Nowak, Krajewski) in the 1970s. If idealizational laws are treated as counterfactual conditionals, they can be true or truthlike, and the concretizations of such laws may increase their degree of truthlikeness. By replacing Hempel's truth requirement with the condition that an explanatory theory is truthlike one can distinguish several important types of approximate, corrective, and contrastive explanations by idealized theories. The conclusions have important consequences for the debates about scientific realism and anti-realism. en
dc.format.extent 21
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Kairos
dc.rights en
dc.subject 611 Philosophy en
dc.subject Philosophy of Science en
dc.title Explanation by Idealized Theories en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.2478/kjps-2018-0003
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.contributor.pbl

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