Digitization and astrometric calibration of Carte du Ciel photographic plates with Gaia DR1

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/246349

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Lehtinen , K , Prusti , T , Bruijne , J D , Lammers , U , Manara , C F , Ness , J-U , Siddiqui , H , Markkanen , T , Poutanen , M & Muinonen , K 2018 , ' Digitization and astrometric calibration of Carte du Ciel photographic plates with Gaia DR1 ' , Astronomy & Astrophysics , vol. 616 , 185 . https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201832662

Title: Digitization and astrometric calibration of Carte du Ciel photographic plates with Gaia DR1
Author: Lehtinen, K.; Prusti, T.; Bruijne, J. de; Lammers, U.; Manara, C. F.; Ness, J.-U.; Siddiqui, H.; Markkanen, T.; Poutanen, M.; Muinonen, K.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish Geospatial Research Institute FGI
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2018-09-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: Astronomy & Astrophysics
ISSN: 0004-6361
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/246349
Abstract: Context. Carte du Ciel was a global international project at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century to map the sky to about magnitude 14 on photographic plates. The full project was never observationally completed and a large fraction of the observations made remain unanalyzed. Aims. We want to study whether the astrometric and photometric accuracies obtained for the Carte du Ciel plates digitized with a commercial digital camera are high enough for scientific exploitation of the plates. Methods. We use a digital camera Canon EOS 5Ds, with a 100 mm macrolens for digitizing. We analyze six single-exposure plates and four triple-exposure plates from the Helsinki zone of Carte du Ciel (+39 degrees Results. The best astrometric accuracy is obtained with the UCAC5 reference stars. The astrometric accuracy for single-exposure plates is sigma(alpha cos(delta)) = 0.16 '' and sigma(delta) = 0.15 '', expressed as a Gaussian deviation of the astrometric residuals. For triple-exposure plates the astrometric accuracy is sigma(alpha cos(delta)) = 0.12 '' and sigma(delta) = 0.13 ''. The 1 - sigma uncertainty of photometric calibration is about 0.28 mag and 0.24 mag for single- and triple-exposure plates, respectively. We detect the photographic adjacency (Kostinsky) effect in the triple-exposure plates. Conclusions. We show that accuracies at least of the level of scanning machines can be achieved with a digital camera, without any corrections for possible distortions caused by our instrumental setup. This method can be used to rapidly and inexpensively digitize and calibrate old photographic plates enabling their scientific exploitation.
Subject: 114 Physical sciences
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