Actinobacteria associated with Chinaberry tree are diverse and show antimicrobial activity

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Zhao , K , Li , J , Shen , M , Chen , Q , Liu , M , Ao , X , Liao , D , Gu , Y , Xu , K , Ma , M , Yu , X , Xiang , Q , Chen , J , Zhang , X & Penttinen , P 2018 , ' Actinobacteria associated with Chinaberry tree are diverse and show antimicrobial activity ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 8 , 11103 .

Title: Actinobacteria associated with Chinaberry tree are diverse and show antimicrobial activity
Author: Zhao, Ke; Li, Jing; Shen, Meiling; Chen, Qiang; Liu, Maoke; Ao, Xiaolin; Liao, Decong; Gu, Yunfu; Xu, Kaiwei; Ma, Menggen; Yu, Xiumei; Xiang, Quanju; Chen, Ji; Zhang, Xiaoping; Penttinen, Petri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Date: 2018-07-23
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Abstract: Many actinobacteria produce secondary metabolites that include antimicrobial compounds. Since most of the actinobacteria cannot be cultivated, their antimicrobial potential awaits to be revealed. We hypothesized that the actinobacterial endophyte communities inside Melia toosendan (Chinaberry) tree are diverse, include strains with antimicrobial activity, and that antimicrobial activity can be detected using a cultivation independent approach and co-occurrence analysis. We isolated and identified actinobacteria from Chinaberry, tested their antimicrobial activities, and characterized the communities using amplicon sequencing and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis as cultivation independent methods. Most of the isolates were identified as Streptomyces spp., whereas based on amplicon sequencing the most abundant OTU was assigned to Rhodococcus, and Tomitella was the most diverse genus. Out of the 135 isolates, 113 inhibited the growth of at least one indicator organism. Six out of the 7577 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) matched 46 cultivated isolates. Only three OTUs, Streptomyces OTU4, OTU11, and OTU26, and their corresponding isolate groups were available for comparing co-occurrences and antimicrobial activity. Streptomyces OTU4 correlated negatively with a high number of OTUs, and the isolates corresponding to Streptomyces OTU4 had high antimicrobial activity. However, for the other two OTUs and their corresponding isolate groups there was no clear relation between the numbers of negative correlations and antimicrobial activity. Thus, the applicability of co-occurrence analysis in detecting antimicrobially active actinobacteria could not be proven.
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology

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