Effect of Adjuvant Trastuzumab for a Duration of 9 Weeks vs 1 Year With Concomitant Chemotherapy for Early Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Positive Breast Cancer The SOLD Randomized Clinical Trial

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Joensuu , H , Fraser , J , Wildiers , H , Huovinen , R , Auvinen , P , Utriainen , M , Nyandoto , P , Villman , K K , Halonen , P , Granstam-Björneklett , H , Lundgren , L , Sailas , L , Turpeenniemi-Hujanen , T , Tanner , M , Yachnin , J , Ritchie , D , Johansson , O , Huttunen , T , Neven , P , Canney , P , Harvey , V J , Kellokumpu-Lehtinen , P-L & Lindman , H 2018 , ' Effect of Adjuvant Trastuzumab for a Duration of 9 Weeks vs 1 Year With Concomitant Chemotherapy for Early Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Positive Breast Cancer The SOLD Randomized Clinical Trial ' , JAMA Oncology , vol. 4 , no. 9 , pp. 1199-1206 . https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.1380

Title: Effect of Adjuvant Trastuzumab for a Duration of 9 Weeks vs 1 Year With Concomitant Chemotherapy for Early Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Positive Breast Cancer The SOLD Randomized Clinical Trial
Author: Joensuu, Heikki; Fraser, Judith; Wildiers, Hans; Huovinen, Riikka; Auvinen, Päivi; Utriainen, Meri; Nyandoto, Paul; Villman, Kenneth K.; Halonen, Päivi; Granstam-Björneklett, Helena; Lundgren, Lotta; Sailas, Liisa; Turpeenniemi-Hujanen, Taina; Tanner, Minna; Yachnin, Jeffrey; Ritchie, Diana; Johansson, Oskar; Huttunen, Teppo; Neven, Patrick; Canney, Peter; Harvey, Vernon J.; Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Pirkko-Liisa; Lindman, Henrik
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Heikki Joensuu / Principal Investigator
University of Helsinki, Department of Oncology
University of Helsinki, HYKS erva
Date: 2018-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: JAMA Oncology
ISSN: 2374-2437
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/248394
Abstract: IMPORTANCE Trastuzumab plus chemotherapy is the standard adjuvant treatment for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive early breast cancer. While the standard duration of trastuzumab treatment is 12 months, the benefits and harms of trastuzumab continued beyond the chemotherapy are unclear. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant trastuzumab continued beyond chemotherapy in women treated with up-front chemotherapy containing a taxane and trastuzumab. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Open-label, randomized (1: 1) clinical trial including women with HER2-positive breast cancer. Chemotherapy was identical in the 2 groups, consisting of 3 cycles of 3-weekly docetaxel (either 80 or 100 mg/m(2)) plus trastuzumab for 9 weeks, followed by 3 cycles of fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide. Thereafter, no trastuzumab was administered in the 9-week group, whereas controls received trastuzumab to complete 1 year of administration. Disease-free survival (DFS) was compared between the groups using a Cox model and the noninferiority approach. The estimated sample size was 2168 patients (1-sided testing, with a relative noninferiority margin of 1.3). From January 3, 2008, to December 16, 2014, 2176 patients were accrued from 7 countries. INTERVENTION Docetaxel plus trastuzumab for 9 weeks, followed by 3 cycles of fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide in both groups. Controls continued trastuzumab to 1 year. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary objectivewas DFS; secondary objectives included distant disease-free survival, overall survival, cardiac DFS, and safety. RESULTS In the 2174 women analyzed, median age was 56 (interquartile range [IQR], 48-64) years. The median follow-up was 5.2 (IQR, 3.8-6.7) years. Noninferiority of the 9-week treatment could not be demonstrated for DFS (hazard ratio, 1.39; 2-sided 90% CI, 1.12-1.72). Distant disease-free survival and overall survival did not differ substantially between the groups. Thirty-six (3%) and 21 (2%) patients in the 1-year and the 9-week groups, respectively, had cardiac failure; the left ventricle ejection fraction was better maintained in the 9-week group. An interaction was detected between the docetaxel dose and DFS; patients in the 9-week group treated with 80 mg/m(2) had inferior and those treated with 100 mg/m(2) had similar DFS as patients in the 1-year group. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Nine weeks of trastuzumab was not noninferior to 1 year of trastuzumab when given with similar chemotherapy. Cardiac safety was better in the 9-week group. The docetaxel dosing with trastuzumab requires further study.
Subject: NCCTG N9831
FOLLOW-UP
JOINT ANALYSIS
NSABP B-31
COMBINATION
THERAPY
DOCETAXEL
ONCOLOGY
SAFETY
3122 Cancers
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