Predictors of Hypertension in Mauritians with Normotension and Prehypertension at Baseline : A Cohort Study

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Kowlessur , S , Hu , Z , Heecharan , J , Wang , J , Dai , J , Tuomilehto , J O , Soderberg , S , Zimmet , P & Barengo , N C 2018 , ' Predictors of Hypertension in Mauritians with Normotension and Prehypertension at Baseline : A Cohort Study ' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 15 , no. 7 , 1394 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071394

Title: Predictors of Hypertension in Mauritians with Normotension and Prehypertension at Baseline : A Cohort Study
Author: Kowlessur, Sudhirsen; Hu, Zhibin; Heecharan, Jaysing; Wang, Jianming; Dai, Juncheng; Tuomilehto, Jaakko O.; Soderberg, Stefan; Zimmet, Paul; Barengo, Noel C.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2018-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 1660-4601
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/249329
Abstract: Information on the predictors of future hypertension in Mauritians with prehypertension is scant. The aim of this study was to analyze the 5-year and 11-year risk of hypertension and its predictors in people with normotension and prehypertension at baseline in Mauritius in 1987. This was a retrospective cohort study of 883 men and 1194 women of Mauritian Indian and Mauritian Creole ethnicity, aged 25-74 years old, free of hypertension at baseline in 1987 with follow-up examinations in 1992 and 1998 using the same methodology. The main outcome was 5- and 11-year risk of hypertension. Odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. The 5-year risk of hypertension was 5.4-times higher in people with prehypertension compared with normotensive individuals at baseline. The corresponding odds for prehypertensive people at baseline regarding 11-year hypertension risk was 3.39 (95% CI 2.67-4.29) in the adjusted logistic regression models. Being of Creole ethnicity (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.09-1.86) increased the 11-year odds of hypertension compared with the Indian population. It is of importance to screen for people with prehypertension and implement strategies to reduce their systolic blood pressure levels to the recommended levels of 120/80 mmHg. Special attention needs to be given to Mauritians of Creole ethnicity.
Subject: systolic blood pressure
diastolic blood pressure
ethnicity
follow-up
risk prediction
central obesity
overweight
Africa
IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
BLOOD-PRESSURE
CHINESE MAURITIANS
ETHNIC-GROUPS
RISK-FACTOR
PREVALENCE
PROGRESSION
EXERCISE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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