Modulation of Gene Expression in Liver of Hibernating Asiatic Toads (Bufo gargarizans)

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Jin , L , Yu , J P , Yang , Z J , Merilä , J & Liao , W B 2018 , ' Modulation of Gene Expression in Liver of Hibernating Asiatic Toads (Bufo gargarizans) ' , International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol. 19 , no. 8 , 2363 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082363

Title: Modulation of Gene Expression in Liver of Hibernating Asiatic Toads (Bufo gargarizans)
Author: Jin, Long; Yu, Jian Ping; Yang, Zai Jun; Merilä, Juha; Liao, Wen Bo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Date: 2018-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN: 1422-0067
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/249334
Abstract: Hibernation is an effective energy conservation strategy that has been widely adopted by animals to cope with unpredictable environmental conditions. The liver, in particular, plays an important role in adaptive metabolic adjustment during hibernation. Mammalian studies have revealed that many genes involved in metabolism are differentially expressed during the hibernation period. However, the differentiation in global gene expression between active and torpid states in amphibians remains largely unknown. We analyzed gene expression in the liver of active and torpid Asiatic toads (Bufo gargarizans) using RNA-sequencing. In addition, we evaluated the differential expression of genes between females and males. A total of 1399 genes were identified as differentially expressed between active and torpid females. Of these, the expressions of 395 genes were significantly elevated in torpid females and involved genes responding to stresses, as well as contractile proteins. The expression of 1004 genes were significantly down-regulated in torpid females, most which were involved in metabolic depression and shifts in the energy utilization. Of the 715 differentially expressed genes between active and torpid males, 337 were up-regulated and 378 down-regulated. A total of 695 genes were differentially expressed between active females and males, of which 655 genes were significantly down-regulated in males. Similarly, 374 differentially expressed genes were identified between torpid females and males, with the expression of 252 genes (mostly contractile proteins) being significantly down-regulated in males. Our findings suggest that expression of many genes in the liver of B. gargarizans are down-regulated during hibernation. Furthermore, there are marked sex differences in the levels of gene expression, with females showing elevated levels of gene expression as compared to males, as well as more marked down-regulation of gene-expression in torpid males than females.
Subject: Bufo gargarizans
gene expression
hibernation
liver
energy conservation
BURROWS-WHEELER TRANSFORM
MAMMALIAN HIBERNATION
METABOLIC-RATE
GROUND-SQUIRRELS
READ ALIGNMENT
RNA-SEQ
PROTEIN
BRAIN
FROGS
TEMPERATURE
1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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