Broad phenotypic spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlations in GMPPB-related dystroglycanopathies : an Italian cross-sectional study

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Italian CMD Network 2018 , ' Broad phenotypic spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlations in GMPPB-related dystroglycanopathies : an Italian cross-sectional study ' , Orphanet journal of rare diseases , vol. 13 , 170 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13023-018-0863-x

Title: Broad phenotypic spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlations in GMPPB-related dystroglycanopathies : an Italian cross-sectional study
Author: Italian CMD Network
Date: 2018-09-26
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Orphanet journal of rare diseases
ISSN: 1750-1172
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/250561
Abstract: Background: Dystroglycanopathy (alpha-DG) is a relatively common, clinically and genetically heterogeneous category of congenital forms of muscular dystrophy (CMD) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) associated with hypoglycosylated alpha-dystroglycan. To date, mutations in at least 19 genes have been associated with alpha-DG. One of them, GMPPB, encoding the guanosine-diphosphate-mannose (GDP-mannose) pyrophosphorylase B protein, has recently been associated with a wide clinical spectrum ranging from severe Walker-Warburg syndrome to pseudo-metabolic myopathy and even congenital myasthenic syndromes. We re-sequenced the full set of known disease genes in 73 Italian patients with evidence of either reduced or nearly absent alpha-dystroglycan to assess genotype-phenotype correlations in this cohort. We used innovative bioinformatic tools to calculate the effects of all described GMPPB mutations on protein function and attempted to correlate them with phenotypic expressions. Results: We identified 13 additional cases from 12 families and defined seven novel mutations. Patients displayed variable phenotypes including less typical pictures, ranging from asymptomatic hyperCKemia, to arthrogryposis and congenital clubfoot at birth, and also showed neurodevelopmental comorbidities, such as seizures and ataxic gait, as well as autism-spectrum disorder, which is seldom described in clinical reports of dystroglycanopathies. We also demonstrated that few mutations recur in the Italian GMPPB-mutated population and that alterations of protein stability are the main effects of GMPPB missense variants. Conclusion: This work adds to the data on genotype-phenotype correlations in alpha-DG and offers new bionformatic tools to provide the conceptual framework needed to understand the complexity of these disorders.
Subject: Congenital muscular dystrophy
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
GMPPB
Dystroglycanopathies
Genotype-phenotype correlations
CONGENITAL MUSCULAR-DYSTROPHY
DEFECTIVE GLYCOSYLATION
MUTATIONS
STABILITY
SERVER
3111 Biomedicine
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
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