The role of the private sector and citizens in urban climate change adaptation : Evidence from a global assessment of large cities

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Political and Economic Studies (2010-2017) en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme en
dc.contributor.author Klein, Johannes
dc.contributor.author Araos, Malcolm
dc.contributor.author Karimo, Aasa
dc.contributor.author Heikkinen, Milja
dc.contributor.author Ylä-Anttila, Tuomas
dc.contributor.author Juhola, Sirkku
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-17T09:32:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-17T09:32:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-11
dc.identifier.citation Klein , J , Araos , M , Karimo , A , Heikkinen , M , Ylä-Anttila , T & Juhola , S 2018 , ' The role of the private sector and citizens in urban climate change adaptation : Evidence from a global assessment of large cities ' , Global Environmental Change , vol. 53 , pp. 127-136 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.09.012 en
dc.identifier.issn 0959-3780
dc.identifier.other PURE: 116668308
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: adf4b712-d502-4837-b043-860a313814e3
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:270AC9B46BED1F886F556C0D222536A5
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85054172983
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-6908-3495/work/49700716
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-0095-2282/work/49702936
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000455061900011
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-2673-3897/work/70950886
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/250871
dc.description.abstract Expectations of cooperation between local authorities, the private sector, and citizens in climate change adaptation in cities are high because involvement of many actors is seen as critical to success. Scholars and policymakers argue that the private sector could be more efficient than the public authorities in implementing adaptation measures and argue for the need to engage citizens to ensure legitimacy of adaptation and inclusion of locally relevant knowledge. To what extent do cities address the private sector and citizens in their adaptation initiatives? What modes of governance do they use to do this? What kinds of cities are the most likely to address the private sector and citizens? Going beyond the existing case study approaches, this paper answers these questions using a large N data set covering 402 cities around the world. We find that a majority of adaptation initiatives focus exclusively on the public sector and do not address the private sector or citizens. In the cases where they do, the private sector is more often governed through partnerships and participation, whereas citizen participation is relatively rare. Initiatives involving citizens rely more often on a provision of information that encourages citizens to adapt. We find that the more advanced a city is in its adaptation process, the more likely it is to address the private sector than citizens in its initiatives to adapt to climate change. Whereas with partnerships and participation the private sector can influence urban adaptation arrangements at a broader scale, the provision of information allows citizens only to implement individual adaptation measures according to their capacities. en
dc.format.extent 10
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Global Environmental Change
dc.rights en
dc.subject Governance en
dc.subject Climate change adaptation en
dc.subject Cities en
dc.subject Citizens en
dc.subject Private sector en
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences en
dc.title The role of the private sector and citizens in urban climate change adaptation : Evidence from a global assessment of large cities en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.09.012
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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