Semantic roles and verbless constructions : A Finnish challenge for verb-centered approaches

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/250873

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Kittilä , S & Västi , K 2014 , ' Semantic roles and verbless constructions : A Finnish challenge for verb-centered approaches ' , Studies in Language , vol. 38 , no. 3 , pp. 512-542 . https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.38.3.04vas

Title: Semantic roles and verbless constructions : A Finnish challenge for verb-centered approaches
Author: Kittilä, Seppo; Västi, Katja
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Modern Languages 2010-2017
Date: 2014
Language: eng
Number of pages: 31
Belongs to series: Studies in Language
ISSN: 0378-4177
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/250873
Abstract: Semantic roles constitute one of the most notorious notions in linguistics, because they have been defined in numerous ways depending on the author’s theoretical framework and goals. Typically these definitions are somehow, more or less explicitly, based on verbs and their properties. In this paper, semantic roles are discussed from a completely different perspective; we examine genuinely verbless constructions attested in Finnish newspaper headlines. The paper addresses three main questions. First, what kinds of constructions do not need a finite verb for expressing dynamic events? Second, what kind of information remains unconceptualized in verbless constructions? Finally, what are semantic roles based on if there is no verb? The goal of the paper is to show that verbs are not needed for defining semantic roles, because an array of semantic roles can be recognized even in constructions lacking a verb.
Subject: 6121 Languages
semantic roles, verbless constructions, Cognitive Construction Grammar, Finnish, headlines
semantic roles
verbless constructions
Cognitive Construction Grammar
Finnish
headlines
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