The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in achieving big bold conservation targets

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Dudley , N , Jonas , H , Nelson , F , Parish , J , Pyhälä , A A , Stolton , S & Watson , J 2018 , ' The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in achieving big bold conservation targets ' , Global Ecology and Conservation , vol. 15 , 00424 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00424

Title: The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in achieving big bold conservation targets
Author: Dudley, Nigel; Jonas, Holly; Nelson, Fred; Parish, Jeffrey; Pyhälä, Aili Adelita; Stolton, Sue; Watson, James
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Global Development Studies
Date: 2018-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Global Ecology and Conservation
ISSN: 2351-9894
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/250877
Abstract: Continued biodiversity loss has prompted calls for half of the planet to be set aside for nature - including E. O Wilson's "Half-Earth" approach and the Wild Foundation's "Nature Needs Half" initiative. These efforts have provided a necessary wake-up call and drawn welcome global attention for the urgent need for increased action on conserving biodiversity and nature in general. Yet they have also sparked debate within the conservation community, particularly due to the huge practical and political obstacles to establishing or expanding protected areas on this scale. The new designation of "other effective area-based conservation measures" (OECMs) provides the opportunity for formal recognition of and support for areas delivering conservation outcomes outside the protected area estate. We argue that OECMs are essential to the achievement of big and bold conservation targets such as Half-Earth. But integration of OECMs into the conservation estate requires fundamental changes in protected area planning and how the conservation community deals with human rights and social safeguards issues; it therefore challenges our understanding of what constitutes "conservation". It will only succeed if the key drivers of biodiversity and ecosystem service loss are addressed in the whole planet. A broad, multifaceted and innovative approach, coupled with ambitious targets, provides our best hope yet of addressing complex conservation challenges. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Subject: Aichi targets
BIODIVERSITY LOSS
Conservation strategy
EARTH
HALF
Half-earth
LAND
OECMs
PEOPLE
PROTECTED AREAS
Protected areas
TROPICAL FORESTS
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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