Universals and cultural diversity in the expression of gratitude

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dc.contributor.author Floyd, Simeon
dc.contributor.author Rossi, Giovanni
dc.contributor.author Baranova, Julija
dc.contributor.author Blythe, Joe
dc.contributor.author Dingemanse, Mark
dc.contributor.author Kendrick, Kobin H.
dc.contributor.author Zinken, Jörg
dc.contributor.author Enfield, N. J.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-25T12:04:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-25T12:04:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-05-23
dc.identifier.citation Floyd , S , Rossi , G , Baranova , J , Blythe , J , Dingemanse , M , Kendrick , K H , Zinken , J & Enfield , N J 2018 , ' Universals and cultural diversity in the expression of gratitude ' , Royal Society Open Science , vol. 5 , no. 5 , 180391 . https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180391
dc.identifier.other PURE: 116611402
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 1dc48269-3973-4db4-b0b4-f1ffce95f1f6
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:C93857B1A2AA213963FFDC6A5D48F701
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85047903512
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000433498000123
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/253493
dc.description.abstract Gratitude is argued to have evolved to motivate and maintain social reciprocity among people, and to be linked to a wide range of positive effects-social, psychological and even physical. But is socially reciprocal behaviour dependent on the expression of gratitude, for example by saying 'thank you in English? Current research has not included cross-cultural elements, and has tended to conflate gratitude as an emotion with gratitude as a linguistic practice, as might appear to be the case in English. Here, we ask to what extent people express gratitude in different societies by focusing on episodes of everyday life where someone seeks and obtains a good, service or support from another, comparing these episodes across eight languages from five continents. We find that expressions of gratitude in these episodes are remarkably rare, suggesting that social reciprocity in everyday life relies on tacit understandings of rights and duties surrounding mutual assistance and collaboration. At the same time, we also find minor cross-cultural variation, with slightly higher rates in Western European languages English and Italian, showing that universal tendencies of social reciprocity should not be equated with more culturally variable practices of expressing gratitude. Our study complements previous experimental and culture-specific research on gratitude with a systematic comparison of audiovisual corpora of naturally occurring social interaction from different cultures from around the world. en
dc.format.extent 9
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Royal Society Open Science
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject COOPERATION
dc.subject EVOLUTION
dc.subject LANGUAGE
dc.subject RECIPROCITY
dc.subject ROUTINES
dc.subject THANKS
dc.subject assistance
dc.subject collaboration
dc.subject cross-cultural
dc.subject gratitude
dc.subject reciprocity
dc.subject social interaction
dc.subject 6121 Languages
dc.title Universals and cultural diversity in the expression of gratitude en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180391
dc.relation.issn 2054-5703
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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