Designing Creativity Through Clusters - A periodisation of cluster discourse

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dc.contributor Svenska handelshögskolan, institutionen för marknadsföring, logistik och företagsgeografi fi
dc.contributor Hanken School of Economics, Department of Marketing, Supply Chain Management and Corporate Geography fi
dc.contributor.author Solitander, Nikodemus
dc.date.accessioned 2011-05-17T09:02:50Z
dc.date.available 2011-05-17T09:02:50Z
dc.date.issued 2011-05-17
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-232-128-2
dc.identifier.issn 0424-7256
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/26418
dc.description.abstract The thesis focuses on one of the most dominant articulations of the relation between geographical place and development, clusters - internationally competing place-bound economic system of production in related industries. The dominant articulation of cluster discourse represents the subnational region as a system of production, and as a means for competitiveness for Western countries. Its reproduction in theories has become one of the most prolific exports of economic geography to other disciplines and for policymaking. By analysing cluster discourse the thesis traces how the languages and processes of globalization have over time altered the understandings of the relation between geographical place and the economy. It shows how in its latest incarnation of the cluster discourse, the language of mainstream economics is combined with ‘softer’ elements (e.g. community, learning, creativity) in the economic geographic discourse. This is typical for the idea of soft capitalism, wherein it is assumed that economic success emanates from soft characteristics, such as knowledge, learning and creativity, rather than straightforward technological or cost advantages. A reoccurring critique against the dominant understanding of the relationship between competitiveness and regions, as articulated in cluster discourse, has pinpointed the perspective’s inability to reconcile the respective and reciprocal roles of local standard of living with firm competitiveness. The thesis traces how such critique is increasingly appropriated through the fusion of the economic, social and cultural landscape into the language of capitalism. It shows how cluster discourse has appropriated its critique, by focusing on creativity, with its strong associations to arts, individual artists and the cultural sphere in general, while predominantly creating its meaning in relation to competitiveness. The thesis consists of six essays that each outlines the development of the cluster discourse. The essays show how meaning systems and strategies are created, accepted and naturalized in cluster discourse, how this affects individuals, the economic landscape and society at large, as well as showing which understandings are marginalized in the process. The thesis argues that clusters are a) inseparable from ideology and politics and b) they are the result of purposeful social practice. It calls for increased reflexivity within corporate and economic geographic research on clusters, and underlines the importance of placing issues of power at the centre of analysis. fi
dc.language.iso en fi
dc.publisher Svenska handelshögskolan fi
dc.publisher Hanken School of Economics fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Economics and Society - 229 fi
dc.subject clusters fi
dc.subject development fi
dc.subject creativity fi
dc.subject creative economy fi
dc.subject discourse fi
dc.subject.other Supply Chain Management and Corporate Geography fi
dc.title Designing Creativity Through Clusters - A periodisation of cluster discourse fi
dc.date.accepted 2011-05-27

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