Maturation of Speech-Sound ERPs in 5-6-Year-Old Children : A Longitudinal Study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/265084

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Linnavalli , T , Putkinen , V , Huotilainen , M & Tervaniemi , M 2018 , ' Maturation of Speech-Sound ERPs in 5-6-Year-Old Children : A Longitudinal Study ' , Frontiers in Neuroscience , vol. 12 , 814 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2018.00814

Title: Maturation of Speech-Sound ERPs in 5-6-Year-Old Children : A Longitudinal Study
Author: Linnavalli, Tanja; Putkinen, Vesa; Huotilainen, Minna; Tervaniemi, Mari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Cognitive Brain Research Unit
University of Helsinki, Cognitive Brain Research Unit
University of Helsinki, Department of Education
University of Helsinki, Department of Education
Date: 2018-11-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Neuroscience
ISSN: 1662-453X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/265084
Abstract: The maturation of 5-6-year-old children's auditory discrimination - indicated by the development of the auditory event-related-potentials (ERPs) - has not been previously studied in longitudinal settings. For the first time, we present here the results based on extensive dataset collected from 75 children. We followed the 5- to 6-year-olds for 20 months and measured their ERPs four times with the same multifeature paradigm with phonemic stimuli. The amplitude of the mismatch negativity (MMN) response increased during this time for vowel, vowel duration and frequency changes. Furthermore, the P3a component started to mature toward adult-like positivity for the vowel, intensity and frequency deviants and the late discriminative negativity (LDN) component decreased with age for vowel and intensity deviants. All the changes in the components seemed to happen during the second follow-up year, when Finnish children are taught letter symbols and other preliminary academic skills before going to school at the age of seven. Therefore, further studies are needed to clarify if these changes in the auditory discrimination are purely age-related or due to increasing linguistic knowledge of the children.
Subject: MMN
P3a
LDN
speech
children
maturation
MISMATCH NEGATIVITY MMN
EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS
INFANTS BRAIN RESPONSES
SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN
AUDITORY-DISCRIMINATION
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL INDEXES
NEWBORN-INFANTS
PARADIGM
NOVELTY
FREQUENCY
515 Psychology
516 Educational sciences
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