A facilitatory effect of rich stem allomorphy but not inflectional productivity on single-word recognition

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/266787

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Nikolaev , A , Lehtonen , M , Higby , E , Hyun , J & Ashaie , S 2018 , ' A facilitatory effect of rich stem allomorphy but not inflectional productivity on single-word recognition ' , Applied Psycholinguistics , vol. 39 , no. 6 , pp. 1221-1238 . https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716418000292

Title: A facilitatory effect of rich stem allomorphy but not inflectional productivity on single-word recognition
Author: Nikolaev, Alexandre; Lehtonen, Minna; Higby, Eve; Hyun, JungMoon; Ashaie, Sameer
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies
University of Helsinki, Cognitive Brain Research Unit
Date: 2018-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: Applied Psycholinguistics
ISSN: 0142-7164
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/266787
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the recognition speed of Finnish nominal base forms varies as a function of their paradigmatic complexity (stem allomorphy) or productivity status. Nikolaev et al. (2014) showed that words with greater stem allomorphy from an unproductive inflectional class arc recognized faster than words with lower stein allomorphy from a productive inflectional class. Productivity of an inflectional paradigm correlates with the number of stem allomorphs in languages like Finnish in that unproductive inflectional classes tend to have higher stem allomorphy. We wanted to distinguish which of these two characteristics provides the benefit to speed of recognition found by Nikolaev et al. (2014). The current study involved a lexical decision task comparing three categories of words: unproductive with three or more stem allomorphs, unproductive with two stem allomorphs, and productive with two stein allomorphs. We observed a facilitation effect for word recognition only for unproductive words with three or more stem allomorphs, but not for unproductive words with two allomorphs. This effect was observed particularly in words of low to moderate familiarity. The findings suggest that high stem allomorphy, rather than productivity of the inflectional class, is driving the facilitation effect in word recognition.
Subject: Finnish language
inflectional productivity
lexical decision
morphology
stem allomorphy
word retrieval
COMPLEX WORDS
FAMILY-SIZE
STATISTICAL FACILITATION
ACTIVATION MODEL
LEXICAL ACCESS
MENTAL LEXICON
REACTION-TIMES
FREQUENCY
LANGUAGE
MORPHOLOGY
515 Psychology
6162 Cognitive science
6121 Languages
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