The role of trade in the greenhouse gas footprints of EU diets

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) en Sandström, Vilma Valin, Hugo Krisztin, Tamás Havlík, Petr Herrero, Mario Kastner, Thomas 2018-12-17T14:07:01Z 2018-12-17T14:07:01Z 2018-12
dc.identifier.citation Sandström , V , Valin , H , Krisztin , T , Havlík , P , Herrero , M & Kastner , T 2018 , ' The role of trade in the greenhouse gas footprints of EU diets ' , Global Food Security , vol. 19 , pp. 48-55 . en
dc.identifier.issn 2211-9124
dc.identifier.other PURE: 117271369
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 0a6c4986-2793-4755-a14b-0ec0a4e87334
dc.identifier.other RIS: urn:E659AB39F7412E2DE40AB4D1D07F4A49
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85055028724
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000450352000006
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-0475-7487/work/51806832
dc.description.abstract International trade presents a challenge for measuring the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission footprint of human diets, because imported food is produced with different production efficiencies and sourcing regions differ in land use histories. We analyze how trade and countries of origin impact GHG footprint calculation for EU food consumption. We find that food consumption footprints can differ considerably between the EU countries with estimates varying from 610 to 1460 CO2-eq. cap−1 yr−1. These estimates include the GHG emissions from primary production, international trade and land use change. The share of animal products in the diet is the most important factor determining the footprint of food consumption. Embedded land use change in imports also plays a major role. Transition towards more plant-based diets has a great potential for climate change mitigation. en
dc.format.extent 8
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Global Food Security
dc.rights en
dc.subject Climate change en
dc.subject Food consumption en
dc.subject Greenhouse gas emissions accounting en
dc.subject International trade en
dc.subject Land use change en
dc.subject FOOD SECURITY en
dc.subject CARBON FOOTPRINT en
dc.subject EMISSIONS en
dc.subject CLIMATE-CHANGE en
dc.subject LAND-USE en
dc.subject HEALTH en
dc.subject LIVESTOCK en
dc.subject CONSUMPTION en
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences en
dc.subject 416 Food Science en
dc.title The role of trade in the greenhouse gas footprints of EU diets en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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