Treatment after traumatic shoulder dislocation: a systematic review with a network meta-analysis

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/278413

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Kavaja , L , Lähdeoja , T , Malmivaara , A & Paavola , M 2018 , ' Treatment after traumatic shoulder dislocation: a systematic review with a network meta-analysis ' , British Journal of Sports Medicine , vol. 52 , no. 23 , pp. 1498-+ . https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098539

Title: Treatment after traumatic shoulder dislocation: a systematic review with a network meta-analysis
Author: Kavaja, Lauri; Lähdeoja, Tuomas; Malmivaara, Antti; Paavola, Mika
Contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, I kirurgian klinikka (Töölö)
University of Helsinki, Department of Surgery
Date: 2018-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: British Journal of Sports Medicine
ISSN: 0306-3674
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/278413
Abstract: Objective To review and compare treatments (1) after primary traumatic shoulder dislocation aimed at minimising the risk of chronic shoulder instability and (2) for chronic post-traumatic shoulder instability. Design Intervention systematic review with random effects network meta-analysis and direct comparison meta-analyses. Data sources Electronic databases (Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane Clinical Trials Register, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE Daily, DARE, HTA, NHSEED, Web of Science) and reference lists were searched from inception to 15 January 2018. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Randomised trials comparing any interventions either after a first-time, traumatic shoulder dislocation or chronic post-traumatic shoulder instability, with a shoulder instability, function or quality of life outcome. Results Twenty-two randomised controlled trials were included. There was moderate quality evidence suggesting that labrum repair reduced the risk of future shoulder dislocation (relative risk 0.15; 95% CI 0.03 to 0.8, p=0.026), and that with non-surgical management 47% of patients did not experience shoulder redislocation. Very low to low-quality evidence suggested no benefit of immobilisation in external rotation versus internal rotation. There was low-quality evidence that an open procedure was superior to arthroscopic surgery for preventing shoulder redislocations. Conclusions There was moderate-quality evidence that half of the patients managed with physiotherapy after a first-time traumatic shoulder dislocation did not experience recurrent shoulder dislocations. If chronic instability develops, surgery could be considered. There was no evidence regarding the effectiveness of surgical management for post-traumatic chronic shoulder instability.
Subject: 3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
315 Sport and fitness sciences
ARTHROSCOPIC BANKART REPAIR
2-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
QUALITY-OF-LIFE
EXTERNAL ROTATION
RECURRENT INSTABILITY
ANTERIOR DISLOCATION
NONOPERATIVE TREATMENT
CONTROLLED-TRIAL
RISK-FACTORS
IMMOBILIZATION
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