Aircraft-Assisted Pilot Suicides in the General Aviation Increased for One-Year Period after 11 September 2001 Attack in the United States

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dc.contributor.author Vuorio, Alpo
dc.contributor.author Laukkala, Tanja
dc.contributor.author Junttila, Ilkka
dc.contributor.author Bor, Robert
dc.contributor.author Budowle, Bruce
dc.contributor.author Pukkala, Eero
dc.contributor.author Navathe, Pooshan
dc.contributor.author Sajantila, Antti
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-19T11:19:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-19T11:19:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-11
dc.identifier.citation Vuorio , A , Laukkala , T , Junttila , I , Bor , R , Budowle , B , Pukkala , E , Navathe , P & Sajantila , A 2018 , ' Aircraft-Assisted Pilot Suicides in the General Aviation Increased for One-Year Period after 11 September 2001 Attack in the United States ' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 15 , no. 11 , 2525 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112525
dc.identifier.other PURE: 120327164
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 5364dd71-08c5-46d4-80ae-04cfca554113
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000451640500199
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85056500074
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/278418
dc.description.abstract Pilot aircraft-assisted suicides (AAS) are rare, and there is limited understanding of copycat phenomenon among aviators. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible effect the 11 September 2001, terrorist attacks had on pilot AASs in the U.S. Fatal aviation accidents in the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) database were searched using the following search words: "suicide", "murder-suicide" and "homicide-suicide". The timeline between 11 September 1996, and 11 September 2004, was analyzed. Only those accidents in which NTSB judged that the cause of the accident was suicide were included in the final analysis. The relative risk (RR) of the pilot AASs in all fatal accidents in the U.S. was calculated in order to compare the one, two, and three-year periods after the September 11 terrorist attacks with five years preceding the event. The RR of a fatal general aviation aircraft accident being due to pilot suicide was 3.68-fold (95% confidence interval 1.04-12.98) during the first year after 11 September 2001, but there was not a statistically significant increase in the later years. This study showed an association, albeit not determinate causal effect, of a very specific series of simultaneous terrorist murder-suicides with subsequent pilot AASs. en
dc.format.extent 10
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject September 11 terrorist attacks
dc.subject pilot aircraft-assisted suicide
dc.subject copycat effect
dc.subject TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS
dc.subject TERRORIST ATTACKS
dc.subject RECOVERY WORKERS
dc.subject MORTALITY
dc.subject MEDIA
dc.subject PREVENTION
dc.subject DEPRESSION
dc.subject HOMICIDE
dc.subject DISASTER
dc.subject RESCUE
dc.subject 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
dc.title Aircraft-Assisted Pilot Suicides in the General Aviation Increased for One-Year Period after 11 September 2001 Attack in the United States en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Forensic Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Medicum
dc.contributor.organization University of Helsinki
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112525
dc.relation.issn 1660-4601
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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