Cryosphere : a kingdom of anomalies and diversity

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Melnikov , V , Gennadinik , V , Kulmala , M , Lappalainen , H K , Petäjä , T & Zilitinkevich , S 2018 , ' Cryosphere : a kingdom of anomalies and diversity ' , Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , vol. 18 , no. 9 , pp. 6535-6542 .

Title: Cryosphere : a kingdom of anomalies and diversity
Author: Melnikov, Vladimir; Gennadinik, Viktor; Kulmala, Markku; Lappalainen, Hanna K.; Petäjä, Tuukka; Zilitinkevich, Sergej
Contributor organization: Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
INAR Physics
Aerosol-Cloud-Climate -Interactions (ACCI)
Date: 2018-05-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
ISSN: 1680-7316
Abstract: The cryosphere of the Earth overlaps with the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere over vast areas with temperatures below 0 degrees C and pronounced H2O phase changes. In spite of its strong variability in space and time, the cryosphere plays the role of a global thermostat, keeping the thermal regime on the Earth within rather narrow limits, affording continuation of the conditions needed for the maintenance of life. Objects and processes related to cryosphere are very diverse, due to the following basic reasons: the anomalous thermodynamic and electromagnetic properties of H2O, the intermediate intensity of hydrogen bonds and the wide spread of cryogenic systems all over the Earth. However, these features attract insufficient attention from research communities. Cryology is usually understood as a descriptive discipline within physical geography, limited to glaciology and permafrost research. We emphasise its broad interdisciplinary landscape involving physical, chemical and biological phenomena related to the H2O phase transitions and various forms of ice. This paper aims to draw the attention of readers to the crucial importance of cryogenic anomalies, which make the Earth atmosphere and the entire Earth system very special, if not unique, objects in the universe.
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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