Rate Control State-of-the-art Survey

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Hyttinen , L , Daniel , L , Järvinen , I & Kojo , M 2010 , Rate Control State-of-the-art Survey . Department of Computer Science, Series of Publications C , no. C-2010-31 , Helsinki .

Title: Rate Control State-of-the-art Survey
Author: Hyttinen, L.; Daniel, L.; Järvinen, I.; Kojo, M.
Contributor organization: Department of Computer Science
Date: 2010
Language: eng
Number of pages: 26
Belongs to series: Department of Computer Science, Series of Publications C
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/27937
Abstract: The majority of Internet traffic use Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) as the transport level protocol. It provides a reliable ordered byte stream for the applications. However, applications such as live video streaming place an emphasis on timeliness over reliability. Also a smooth sending rate can be desirable over sharp changes in the sending rate. For these applications TCP is not necessarily suitable. Rate control attempts to address the demands of these applications. An important design feature in all rate control mechanisms is TCP friendliness. We should not negatively impact TCP performance since it is still the dominant protocol. Rate Control mechanisms are classified into two different mechanisms: window-based mechanisms and rate-based mechanisms. Window-based mechanisms increase their sending rate after a successful transfer of a window of packets similar to TCP. They typically decrease their sending rate sharply after a packet loss. Rate-based solutions control their sending rate in some other way. A large subset of rate-based solutions are called equation-based solutions. Equation-based solutions have a control equation which provides an allowed sending rate. Typically these rate-based solutions react slower to both packet losses and increases in available bandwidth making their sending rate smoother than that of window-based solutions. This report contains a survey of rate control mechanisms and a discussion of their relative strengths and weaknesses. A section is dedicated to a discussion on the enhancements in wireless environments. Another topic in the report is bandwidth estimation. Bandwidth estimation is divided into capacity estimation and available bandwidth estimation. We describe techniques that enable the calculation of a fair sending rate that can be used to create novel rate control mechanisms.
Subject: 113 Computer and information sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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