EGF/EGFR upregulates and cooperates with Netrin-4 to protect glioblastoma cells from DNA damage-induced senescence

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Li , L , Huang , Y , Gao , Y , Shi , T , Xu , Y , Li , H , Hyytiäinen , M , Keski-Oja , J , Jiang , Q , Hu , Y & Du , Z 2018 , ' EGF/EGFR upregulates and cooperates with Netrin-4 to protect glioblastoma cells from DNA damage-induced senescence ' , BMC Cancer , vol. 18 , 1215 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-5056-4

Title: EGF/EGFR upregulates and cooperates with Netrin-4 to protect glioblastoma cells from DNA damage-induced senescence
Author: Li, Li; Huang, Yulun; Gao, Yuge; Shi, Tengfei; Xu, Yunyun; Li, Huini; Hyytiäinen, Marko; Keski-Oja, Jorma; Jiang, Qiuying; Hu, Yizhou; Du, Zhimin
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Virology
University of Helsinki, University Management
University of Helsinki, Jorma Keski-Oja Research group
Date: 2018-12-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: BMC Cancer
ISSN: 1471-2407
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/285190
Abstract: BackgroundGlioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant central nervous system tumor. Alkylating agent, temozolomide (TMZ), is currently the first-line chemotherapeutic agent for GBM. However, the sensitivity of GBM cells to TMZ is affected by many factors. And, several clinic trials, including co-administration of TMZ with other drugs, have failed in successful treatment of GBM. We have previously reported that Netrin-4 (NTN4), a laminin-like axon guidance protein, plays a protective role in GBM cell senescence upon TMZ-triggered DNA damage. However, the master regulator of NTN4 needs further elucidation. Epidermal growth factor/Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF/EGFR) can modulate the expression of various extracellular matrix related molecules, and prevent DNA damage in GBM cells. In this study, we investigated the relationship between EGF/EGFR signaling and NTN4, and explored their effect on therapeutic efficacy in GBM cells upon TMZ treatment.MethodsCo-expression analysis were performed by using the RNA sequencing data from NIH 934 cell lines and from single cell RNA sequencing data of GBM tumor. The co-expressing genes were used for GO enrichment and signaling pathway enrichment. mRNA expression of the target genes were quantified by qPCR, and cell senescence were investigated by Senescence-Associated Beta-Galactosidase Staining. Protein phosphorylation were observed and analyzed by immunoblotting. The RNA sequencing data and clinical information of TMZ treated patients were extracted from TCGA-glioblastoma project, and then used for Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.ResultsAnalysis of RNA sequencing data revealed a potential co-expression relationship between NTN4 and EGFR. GO enrichment of EGFR-correlated genes indicated that EGFR regulates GBM cells in a manner similar to that in central nervous system development and neural cell differentiation. Pathway analysis suggested that EGFR and its related genes contribute to cell adhesion, extracellular matrix (ECM) organization and caspase related signaling. We also show that EGF stimulates NTN4 expression in GBM cells and cooperates with NTN4 to attenuate GBM cell senescence induced by DNA damage, possibly via AKT and ERK. Clinical analysis showed that co-expression of EGFR and NTN4 significantly predicts poor survival in TMZ-treated GBM patients.ConclusionsThis study indicates that EGF/EGFR regulates and cooperates with NTN4 in DNA damage resistance in GBM. Therefore, our findings provide a potential therapeutic target for GBM.
Subject: Epidermal growth factor
Netrin-4
Glioblastoma
Cell senescence
EPIDERMAL-GROWTH-FACTOR
NEWLY-DIAGNOSED GLIOBLASTOMA
RECURRENT MALIGNANT GLIOMAS
PHASE-II TRIAL
IN-VITRO
INTEGRIN ALPHA-6-BETA-4
TEMOZOLOMIDE
EXPRESSION
GENE
PROLIFERATION
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3122 Cancers
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