Genetic analysis reveals Finnish Formica fennica populations do not form a separate genetic entity from F. exsecta

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dc.contributor.author Hakala, Sanja Maria
dc.contributor.author Seppä, Perttu
dc.contributor.author Heikkilä, Maria
dc.contributor.author Punttila, Pekka
dc.contributor.author Sorvari, Jouni
dc.contributor.author Helanterä, Heikki
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-07T14:47:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-07T14:47:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-12-06
dc.identifier.citation Hakala , S M , Seppä , P , Heikkilä , M , Punttila , P , Sorvari , J & Helanterä , H 2018 , ' Genetic analysis reveals Finnish Formica fennica populations do not form a separate genetic entity from F. exsecta ' , PeerJ , vol. 6 , 6013 . https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6013
dc.identifier.other PURE: 120807338
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 02e9bd66-d369-4ff8-8cc4-1a7335bc1fdb
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000452461600003
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85058319374
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-5393-6943/work/52392920
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-9048-4381/work/52394953
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/287692
dc.description.abstract Coptoformica Muller, 1923 is a subgenus of Formica Linnaeus, 1758 that consists of c. a dozen species of ants that typically inhabit open grassy habitats and build small nest mounds. The most recent addition to the group is Formica fennica Seifert, 2000. The description was based on morphological characters, but the species status has not been confirmed by molecular methods. In this study, we use thirteen DNA microsatellite markers and a partial mitochondrial COI gene sequence to assess the species status of F. fennica, by comparing the genetic variation among samples identified as F. fennica and six other boreal Formica (Coptoformica) species. Most of the species studied form separate, discontinuous clusters in phylogenetic and spatial analyses with only little intraspecific genetic variation. However, both nuclear and mitochondrial markers fail to separate the species pair F. exsecta Nylander, 1846 and F. fennica despite established morphological differences. The genetic variation within the F. exsecta/fennica group is extensive, but reflects spatial rather than morphological differences. Finnish F. fennica populations studied so far should not be considered a separate species, but merely a morph of F. exsecta. en
dc.format.extent 23
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof PeerJ
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Species identification
dc.subject Species delimitation
dc.subject Hymenoptera
dc.subject Coptoformica
dc.subject Microsatelfites
dc.subject Barcoding
dc.subject ANTS HYMENOPTERA-FORMICIDAE
dc.subject WOOD ANTS
dc.subject MICROSATELLITE LOCI
dc.subject PROGRAM STRUCTURE
dc.subject SOUTHERN FINLAND
dc.subject MITOCHONDRIAL
dc.subject CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject INFERENCE
dc.subject TAXONOMY
dc.subject DISTANCE
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.title Genetic analysis reveals Finnish Formica fennica populations do not form a separate genetic entity from F. exsecta en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Tvärminne Zoological Station
dc.contributor.organization Evolution, Sociality & Behaviour
dc.contributor.organization Zoology
dc.contributor.organization Finnish Museum of Natural History
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6013
dc.relation.issn 2167-8359
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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