Nuclear actin is required for transcription during Drosophila Oogenesis

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Sokolova , M , Moore , H M , Prajapati , B , Dopie , J , Meriläinen , L , Honkanen , M , Matos , R C , Poukkula , M , Hietakangas , V & Vartiainen , M K 2018 , ' Nuclear actin is required for transcription during Drosophila Oogenesis ' , iScience , vol. 9 , pp. 63-+ .

Title: Nuclear actin is required for transcription during Drosophila Oogenesis
Author: Sokolova, Maria; Moore, Henna M.; Prajapati, Bina; Dopie, Joseph; Meriläinen, Leena; Honkanen, Mikko; Matos, Rita Cerejeira; Poukkula, Minna; Hietakangas, Ville; Vartiainen, Maria K.
Contributor organization: Institute of Biotechnology
Nutrient sensing laboratory
Centre of Excellence in Stem Cell Metabolism
Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Doctoral Programme in Integrative Life Science
Nuclear organization by actin
Date: 2018-10-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: iScience
ISSN: 2589-0042
Abstract: Actin has been linked to processes spanning the whole gene expression cascade, from regulating specific transcription factors, such as myocardin-related transcription factor (Mrtf), to chromatin remodelling and RNA polymerase (Pol) function. However, whether actin controls transcription of only specific genes or has a global role in gene expression has remained elusive. Our genome-wide analysis reveals, for the first time, that actin interacts with essentially all transcribed genes in Drosophila ovaries. Actin co-occupies majority of gene promoters together with Pol II, and on highly expressed genes these two proteins also associate with gene bodies. Mechanistically, actin is required for Pol II recruitment to gene bodies and manipulation of nuclear transport factors for actin leads to decreased expression of egg shell genes. Collectively, these results uncover a global role for actin in transcription, and demonstrate the in vivo importance of balanced nucleo-cytoplasmic shuttling of actin in transcriptional control of a developmental process.
Subject: actin
nuclear actin
1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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