Nuclear actin is required for transcription during Drosophila Oogenesis

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Sokolova , M , Moore , H M , Prajapati , B , Dopie , J , Meriläinen , L , Honkanen , M , Matos , R C , Poukkula , M , Hietakangas , V & Vartiainen , M K 2018 , ' Nuclear actin is required for transcription during Drosophila Oogenesis ' , iScience , vol. 9 , pp. 63-+ . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2018.10.010

Title: Nuclear actin is required for transcription during Drosophila Oogenesis
Author: Sokolova, Maria; Moore, Henna M.; Prajapati, Bina; Dopie, Joseph; Meriläinen, Leena; Honkanen, Mikko; Matos, Rita Cerejeira; Poukkula, Minna; Hietakangas, Ville; Vartiainen, Maria K.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Nutrient sensing laboratory
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
Date: 2018-10-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: iScience
ISSN: 2589-0042
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/288730
Abstract: Actin has been linked to processes spanning the whole gene expression cascade, from regulating specific transcription factors, such as myocardin-related transcription factor (Mrtf), to chromatin remodelling and RNA polymerase (Pol) function. However, whether actin controls transcription of only specific genes or has a global role in gene expression has remained elusive. Our genome-wide analysis reveals, for the first time, that actin interacts with essentially all transcribed genes in Drosophila ovaries. Actin co-occupies majority of gene promoters together with Pol II, and on highly expressed genes these two proteins also associate with gene bodies. Mechanistically, actin is required for Pol II recruitment to gene bodies and manipulation of nuclear transport factors for actin leads to decreased expression of egg shell genes. Collectively, these results uncover a global role for actin in transcription, and demonstrate the in vivo importance of balanced nucleo-cytoplasmic shuttling of actin in transcriptional control of a developmental process.
Subject: actin
nuclear actin
transcription
oogenesis
Mrtf
1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
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