Satellite-based estimate of the variability of warm cloud properties associated with aerosol and meteorological conditions

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/290312

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Liu , Y , Zhang , J , Zhou , P , Lin , T , Hong , J , Shi , L , Yao , F , Wu , J , Guo , H & de Leeuw , G 2018 , ' Satellite-based estimate of the variability of warm cloud properties associated with aerosol and meteorological conditions ' Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , vol. 18 , no. 24 , pp. 18187-18202 . https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-18187-2018

Julkaisun nimi: Satellite-based estimate of the variability of warm cloud properties associated with aerosol and meteorological conditions
Tekijä: Liu, Yuqin; Zhang, Jiahua; Zhou, Putian; Lin, Tao; Hong, Juan; Shi, Lamei; Yao, Fengmei; Wu, Jun; Guo, Huadong; de Leeuw, Gerrit
Muu tekijä: University of Helsinki, INAR Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
ISSN: 1680-7316
Tiivistelmä: Aerosol-cloud interaction (ACI) is examined using 10 years of data from the MODIS/Terra (morning orbit) and MODIS/Aqua (afternoon orbit) satellites. Aerosol optical depth (AOD) and cloud properties retrieved from both sensors are used to explore in a statistical sense the morning-to-afternoon variation of cloud properties in conditions with low and high AOD, over both land and ocean. The results show that the interaction between aerosol particles and clouds is more complex and of greater uncertainty over land than over ocean. The variation in d(Cloud_X), defined as the mean change in cloud property Cloud_X between the morning and afternoon overpasses in high-AOD conditions minus that in low-AOD conditions, is different over land and ocean. This applies to cloud droplet effective radius (CDR), cloud fraction (CF) and cloud top pressure (CTP), but not to cloud optical thickness (COT) and cloud liquid water path (CWP). Both COT and CWP increase over land and ocean after the time step, irrespective of the AOD. However, the initial AOD conditions can affect the amplitude of variation of COT and CWP. The effects of initial cloud fraction and meteorological conditions on the change in CF under lowand high-AOD conditions after the 3 h time step over land are also explored. Two cases are considered: (1) when the cloud cover increases and (2) when the cloud cover decreases. For both cases, we find that almost all values of d(CF) are positive, indicating that the variations of CF are larger in high AOD than that in low AOD after the 3 h time step. The results also show that a large increase in cloud fraction occurs when scenes experience large AOD and stronger upward motion of air parcels. Furthermore, the increase rate of cloud cover is larger for high AOD with increasing relative humidity (RH) when RH is larger than 20 %. We also find that a smaller increase in cloud fraction occurs when scenes experience larger AOD and larger initial cloud cover. Overall, the analysis of the diurnal variation of cloud properties provides a better understanding of aerosol-cloud interaction over land and ocean.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/290312
Päiväys: 2018-12-21
Avainsanat: YANGTZE-RIVER DELTA
CONVECTIVE CLOUDS
POLLUTION AEROSOL
STRATIFORM CLOUDS
OPTICAL DEPTH
EAST-ASIA
CHINA
TRENDS
SMOKE
PRECIPITATION
114 Physical sciences
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