Carbon Dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation on peatland in Sumatra, Indonesia : Carbon dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation

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Jauhiainen , J , Hooijer , A & Page , S E 2011 , ' Carbon Dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation on peatland in Sumatra, Indonesia : Carbon dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation ' , Biogeosciences Discussions , vol. 8 , pp. 8269–8302 . https://doi.org/10.5194/bgd-8-8269-2011

Title: Carbon Dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation on peatland in Sumatra, Indonesia : Carbon dioxide emissions from an Acacia plantation
Author: Jauhiainen, Jyrki; Hooijer, A.; Page, S. E.
Contributor organization: Department of Forest Sciences
Forest Ecology and Management
Date: 2011
Language: eng
Belongs to series: Biogeosciences Discussions
ISSN: 1810-6277
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/bgd-8-8269-2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/29038
Abstract: Abstract. Peat surface CO2 emission, groundwater table depth and peat temperature were monitored for two years along transects in an Acacia plantation on thick tropical peat (>4 m) in Sumatra, Indonesia. A total of 2300 emission measurements were taken at 144 locations. The autotrophic root respiration component of the CO2 emission was separated from heterotrophic emissions caused by peat oxidation in three ways: (i) by comparing CO2 emissions within and beyond the tree rooting zone, (ii) by comparing CO2 emissions with and without peat trenching (i.e. cutting any roots remaining in the peat beyond the tree rooting zone), and (iii) by comparing CO2 emissions before and after Acacia tree harvesting. On average, the contribution of root respiration to daytime CO2 emission is 21 % along transects in mature tree stands. At locations 0.5 m from trees this is up to 80 % of the total emissions, but it is negligible at locations more than 1.3 m away. This means that CO2 emission measurements well away from trees are free of any root respiration contribution and thus represent only peat oxidation emission. We find daytime mean annual CO2 emission from peat oxidation alone of 94 t ha−1 yr−1 at a mean water table depth of 0.8 m, and a minimum emission value of 80 t ha−1 yr−1 after correction for the effect of diurnal temperature fluctuations, which resulted in a 14.5 % reduction of the daytime emission. There is a positive correlation between mean long-term water table depths and peat oxidation CO2 emission. However, no such relation is found for instantaneous emission/water table depth within transects and it is clear that factors other than water table depth also affect peat oxidation and total CO2 emissions. The increase in the temperature of the surface peat due to plantation development may explain over 50 % of peat oxidation emissions.
Subject: 4112 Forestry
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: No
Usage restriction: restrictedAccess
Self-archived version: submittedVersion


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