Discursive Narratives of Comprehensive Education Politics in Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/291879

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Kosunen , S & Hansen , P 2018 , ' Discursive Narratives of Comprehensive Education Politics in Finland ' , European Educational Research Journal , vol. 17 , no. 5 , pp. 714-732 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1474904118764938

Title: Discursive Narratives of Comprehensive Education Politics in Finland
Author: Kosunen, Sonja; Hansen, Petteri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Education
University of Helsinki, Department of Education
Date: 2018-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: European Educational Research Journal
ISSN: 1474-9041
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/291879
Abstract: In recent years Finnish comprehensive education has often been discussed in both, academic and public forums, in terms of its relatively high learning outcomes and perceived efficiency. Yet what has often been lacking in cross-country comparisons is a critical socio-historical analysis of contingent nation-specific events and features as well as an in-depth analysis of Finnish education politics as constantly changing dynamic system. We analyze and reconstruct the discursive narrative of Finnish comprehensive education within a socio-historical framework. The material consists of interviews with the establishment of Finnish education: politicians, leading policy-makers and stakeholders, and established scholars (n=9). Three periods were recognized and reconstructed in the analysis: 1) The pre-comprehensive school period, 2) a steady development culminating in the crisis of the 1990s, and 3) the PISA results, which in the narrative led to international success and national gridlock. The crucial changes relate to changes in audiences (performing game). Two key findings emerge from this discursive narrative analyses: the role of the PISA reports as a turning point for the basic education politics in Finland and how this turn led to a discussion of comprehensive school as a kind of success story.
Subject: DISCOURSES
Finland
PISA
PISA SUCCESS
POLICY
comprehensive school
discourse
education politics
narrative
516 Educational sciences
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