Denitrification in the River Estuaries of the Northern Baltic Sea

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/29415

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Silvennoinen , H , Hietanen , S , Liikanen , A , Stange , C F , Russow , R , Kuparinen , J & Martikainen , P J 2007 , ' Denitrification in the River Estuaries of the Northern Baltic Sea ' , Ambio , vol. 36 , no. 2-3 , pp. 134-140 .

Title: Denitrification in the River Estuaries of the Northern Baltic Sea
Author: Silvennoinen, Hanna; Hietanen, Susanna; Liikanen, Anu; Stange, C. Florian; Russow, Rolf; Kuparinen, Jorma; Martikainen, Pertti J
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Aquatic Sciences
University of Helsinki, Aquatic Sciences
Date: 2007
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Ambio
ISSN: 0044-7447
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/29415
Abstract: Estuaries have been suggested to have an important role in reducing the nitrogen load transported to the sea. We measured denitrification rates in six estuaries of the northern Baltic Sea. Four of them were river mouths in the Bothnian Bay (northern Gulf of Bothnia), and two were estuary bays, one in the Archipelago Sea (southern Gulf of Bothnia) and the other in the Gulf of Finland. Denitrification rates in the four river mouths varied between 330 and 905 mu mol N m(-2) d(-1). The estuary bays at the Archipelago Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia had denitrification rates from 90 mu mol N m(-2) d(-1) to 910 mu mol N m(-2) d(-1) and from 230 mu mol N m(-2) d(-1) to 320 mu mol N m(-2) d(-1), respectively. Denitrification removed 3.6-9.0% of the total nitrogen loading in the river mouths and in the estuary bay in the Gulf of Finland, where the residence times were short. In the estuary bay with a long residence time, in the Archipelago Sea, up to 4.5% of nitrate loading and 19% of nitrogen loading were removed before entering the sea. According to our results, the sediments of the fast-flowing rivers and them estuary areas with short residence times have a limited capacity to reduce the nitrogen load to the Baltic Sea.
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