Proxy Indicators for Mapping the End of the Vegetation Active Period in Boreal Forests Inferred from Satellite-Observed Soil Freeze and ERA-Interim Reanalysis Air Temperature

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Böttcher , K , Rautiainen , K , Aurela , M , Kolari , P , Mäkelä , A , Arslan , A N , Black , T A & Koponen , S 2018 , ' Proxy Indicators for Mapping the End of the Vegetation Active Period in Boreal Forests Inferred from Satellite-Observed Soil Freeze and ERA-Interim Reanalysis Air Temperature ' , Journal of photogrammetry, remote sensing and geoinformation science , vol. 86 , no. 3-4 , pp. 169-185 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s41064-018-0059-y

Title: Proxy Indicators for Mapping the End of the Vegetation Active Period in Boreal Forests Inferred from Satellite-Observed Soil Freeze and ERA-Interim Reanalysis Air Temperature
Author: Böttcher, Kristin; Rautiainen, Kimmo; Aurela, Mika; Kolari, Pasi; Mäkelä, Annikki; Arslan, Ali N.; Black, T. Andrew; Koponen, Sampsa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Micrometeorology and biogeochemical cycles
University of Helsinki, Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
Date: 2018-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: Journal of photogrammetry, remote sensing and geoinformation science
ISSN: 2512-2789
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/294758
Abstract: Triggered by decreases in photoperiod and temperature, evergreen needle-leaved trees in the boreal region downregulate photosynthetic activity and enter dormancy in autumn. Accompanying changes in canopy structure and chlorophyll content are small and precede the cessation of photosynthetic activity. Low solar elevation and cloud cover during this period pose additional challenges for the use of optical satellite instruments. Alternatively, environmental variables that correlate with photosynthesis, such as soil freeze, can be detected from satellite microwave observations independent of weather and illumination conditions. We tested for the first time the usability of satellite-observed soil freeze from the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) instrument as a proxy indicator for the end of vegetation active period (VAPend) at six eddy covariance sites in Finland and Canada. The time when soil freeze commenced over the large SMOS pixel can be employed to estimate VAPend (R-2=0.84, RMSE=7.5days), defined as the time when the photosynthetic capacity of the forest drops below 10% of the growing season maximum. In comparison to satellite-based soil freeze timing, an air temperature-based proxy from ERA-Interim reanalysis data showed better performance (R-2=0.92, RMSE=5.2days). VAPend was mapped in the boreal forest zone in Finland and Canada from both indicators based on linear regression models.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
4112 Forestry
1172 Environmental sciences
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