Disease-associated genotypes of the commensal skin bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis

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Méric , G , Mageiros , L , Pensar , J , Laabei , M , Yahara , K , Pascoe , B , Kittiwan , N , Tadee , P , Post , V , Lamble , S , Bowden , R , Bray , J E , Morgenstern , M , Jolley , K A , Maiden , M C J , Feil , E J , Didelot , X , Miragaia , M , de Lencastre , H , Moriarty , T F , Rohde , H , Massey , R , Mack , D , Corander , J & Sheppard , S K 2018 , ' Disease-associated genotypes of the commensal skin bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis ' , Nature Communications , vol. 9 , 5034 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07368-7

Title: Disease-associated genotypes of the commensal skin bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis
Author: Méric, Guillaume; Mageiros, Leonardos; Pensar, Johan; Laabei, Maisem; Yahara, Koji; Pascoe, Ben; Kittiwan, Nattinee; Tadee, Phacharaporn; Post, Virginia; Lamble, Sarah; Bowden, Rory; Bray, James E.; Morgenstern, Mario; Jolley, Keith A.; Maiden, Martin C.J.; Feil, Edward J.; Didelot, Xavier; Miragaia, Maria; de Lencastre, Herminia; Moriarty, T. Fintan; Rohde, Holger; Massey, Ruth; Mack, Dietrich; Corander, Jukka; Sheppard, Samuel K.
Contributor organization: Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Jukka Corander / Principal Investigator
Date: 2018-11-28
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Nature Communications
ISSN: 2041-1723
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07368-7
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/296452
Abstract: Some of the most common infectious diseases are caused by bacteria that naturally colonise humans asymptomatically. Combating these opportunistic pathogens requires an understanding of the traits that differentiate infecting strains from harmless relatives. Staphylococcus epidermidis is carried asymptomatically on the skin and mucous membranes of virtually all humans but is a major cause of nosocomial infection associated with invasive procedures. Here we address the underlying evolutionary mechanisms of opportunistic pathogenicity by combining pangenome-wide association studies and laboratory microbiology to compare S. epidermidis from bloodstream and wound infections and asymptomatic carriage. We identify 61 genes containing infection-associated genetic elements (k-mers) that correlate with in vitro variation in known pathogenicity traits (biofilm formation, cell toxicity, interleukin-8 production, methicillin resistance). Horizontal gene transfer spreads these elements, allowing divergent clones to cause infection. Finally, Random Forest model prediction of disease status (carriage vs. infection) identifies pathogenicity elements in 415 S. epidermidis isolates with 80% accuracy, demonstrating the potential for identifying risk genotypes pre-operatively.
Subject: 1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
111 Mathematics
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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