Finland’s Dependence on Russian Energy-Mutually Beneficial Trade Relations or an Energy Security Threat?

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS) en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Russian and Eurasian Studies (Aleksanteri Institute) en
dc.contributor.author Jääskeläinen, Jaakko J.
dc.contributor.author Höysniemi, Sakari Hannu
dc.contributor.author Syri, Sanna
dc.contributor.author Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-21T14:37:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-21T14:37:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-10
dc.identifier.citation Jääskeläinen , J J , Höysniemi , S H , Syri , S & Tynkkynen , V-P 2018 , ' Finland’s Dependence on Russian Energy-Mutually Beneficial Trade Relations or an Energy Security Threat? ' , Sustainability , vol. 10 , no. 10 , 3445 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103445 en
dc.identifier.issn 2071-1050
dc.identifier.other PURE: 116041716
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: ced86d2c-9e62-4bed-8761-d28ade1475ed
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85054645975
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000448559400087
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-2139-8284/work/53185759
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-9006-753X/work/53186611
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/296510
dc.description.abstract Studies on energy security in the context of relations between European Union (EU) and Russia tend to focus on cases, with an open conflict related to supply, such as “hard” energy weapons, or on only one fuel, often natural gas. However, there is a need to understand the long-term impacts that energy relations have politically, economically and physically, and their linkages between resilience, sustainability and security. We analyse the Finnish-Russian energy relations as a case study, as they are characterised by a non-conflictual relationship. To assess this complex relationship, we apply the interdependence framework to analyse both the energy systems and energy strategies of Finland and Russia, and the energy security issues related to the notable import dependence on one supplier. Moreover, we analyse the plausible development of the energy trade between the countries in three different energy policy scenarios until 2040. The findings of the article shed light on how the trends in energy markets, climate change mitigation and broader societal and political trends could influence Russia’s energy trade relations with countries, such as Finland. Our analysis shows that Finland’s dependence on primary energy imports does not pose an acute energy security threat in terms of sheer supply, and the dependence is unlikely to worsen in the future. However, due to the difficulty in anticipating societal, political, and economic trends, there are possible developments that could affect Finland. en
dc.format.extent 25
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Sustainability
dc.rights en
dc.subject 6160 Other humanities en
dc.subject Russian and East European studies en
dc.subject 5172 Global Politics en
dc.subject 214 Mechanical engineering en
dc.subject 519 Social and economic geography en
dc.title Finland’s Dependence on Russian Energy-Mutually Beneficial Trade Relations or an Energy Security Threat? en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103445
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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