The Impact of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease on Related Disability in Older Irish Adults

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Cruise , S , Hughes , J , Bennett , K , Kouvonen , A M & Kee , F 2019 , ' The Impact of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease on Related Disability in Older Irish Adults ' , Journal of Aging and Health , vol. 31 , no. 1 , pp. 165-184 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264317726242

Title: The Impact of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease on Related Disability in Older Irish Adults
Author: Cruise, Sharon; Hughes, John; Bennett, Kathleen; Kouvonen, Anne Maria; Kee, Frank
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Social Policy
Date: 2019-01-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: Journal of Aging and Health
ISSN: 0898-2643
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/297083
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD)–related disability (hereafter also “disability”) and the impact of CHD risk factors on disability in older adults in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) and Northern Ireland (NI). Method: Population attributable fractions were calculated using risk factor relative risks and disability prevalence derived from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing and the Northern Ireland Health Survey. Results: Disability was significantly lower in ROI (4.1% vs. 8.8%). Smoking and diabetes prevalence rates, and the fraction of disability that could be attributed to smoking (ROI: 6.6%; NI: 6.1%), obesity (ROI: 13.8%; NI: 11.3%), and diabetes (ROI: 6.2%; NI: 7.2%), were comparable in both countries. Physical inactivity (31.3% vs. 54.8%) and depression (10.2% vs. 17.6%) were lower in ROI. Disability attributable to depression (ROI: 16.3%; NI: 25.2%) and physical inactivity (ROI: 27.5%; NI: 39.9%) was lower in ROI. Discussion: Country-specific similarities and differences in the prevalence of disability and associated risk factors will inform public health and social care policy in both countries.
Subject: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
coronary heart disease
disability
risk factors
relative risk
population attributable fractions (PAFs)
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