Feasibility and baseline findings of a Finnish cognitive training (FINCOG) intervention in a randomised controlled trial among community-dwelling persons with dementia

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/297828

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Kallio , E-L , Ohman , H , Carlson , S , Kautiainen , H , Hietanen , M & Pitkala , K H 2017 , ' Feasibility and baseline findings of a Finnish cognitive training (FINCOG) intervention in a randomised controlled trial among community-dwelling persons with dementia ' , European Geriatric Medicine , vol. 8 , no. 3 , pp. 245-249 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurger.2017.04.008

Title: Feasibility and baseline findings of a Finnish cognitive training (FINCOG) intervention in a randomised controlled trial among community-dwelling persons with dementia
Author: Kallio, Eeva-Liisa; Ohman, H.; Carlson, S.; Kautiainen, H.; Hietanen, M.; Pitkala, K. H.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
Date: 2017-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: European Geriatric Medicine
ISSN: 1878-7649
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/297828
Abstract: Introduction: Evidence is unclear whether cognitive training (CT) has efficacy in patients with dementia. We present the recruitment and baseline findings of a carefully designed Finnish cognitive training (FINCOG) trial exploring the effectiveness of CT among community-dwelling older persons with mild-to-moderate dementia. Methods: Participants were recruited from adult day care centres in Helsinki, Finland, and randomised into two groups: (1) day care with systematic CT twice a week for 12 weeks (n = 76) and (2) day care as usual (n = 71). Demographics, diagnoses and drug use were retrieved from medical records, and baseline cognition, functioning, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological well-being were assessed. A subgroup of participants was planned to undergo functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure changes in brain activity. Feedback from those attending CT was collected. Primary trial outcomes will be participants' cognition and HRQoL. Results: The mean (SD) age of the randomised participants was 83.1 (5.4) years, 72% were female and 37% at a moderate stage of dementia. The intervention and control groups were comparable at baseline. Compliance with CT was good, with a mean attendance of 22/24 sessions. General subjective gain was achieved by three-fourths of the feedback respondents. However, the fMRI was not feasible in this patient group. Conclusions: We successfully randomised 147 persons with mild-to-moderate dementia in the FINCOG trial. The feedback from participants in cognitive intervention was favourable. The trial will provide important information on the effects of CT in patients with dementia. (C) 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS and European Union Geriatric Medicine Society. All rights reserved.
Subject: Cognitive training
Cognition
Health-related quality of life
Dementia
Randomised controlled trial
ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE
OLDER-ADULTS
REHABILITATION
THERAPIES
PEOPLE
IMPAIRMENT
EFFICACY
SCALE
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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