ROLE OF CAPSAICIN- AND HEAT-SENSITIVE AFFERENTS IN STIMULATION OF ACUPOINT-INDUCED PAIN AND ANALGESIA IN HUMANS

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Lei , J , Ye , G , Wu , J-T , Pertovaara , A & You , H-J 2017 , ' ROLE OF CAPSAICIN- AND HEAT-SENSITIVE AFFERENTS IN STIMULATION OF ACUPOINT-INDUCED PAIN AND ANALGESIA IN HUMANS ' , Neuroscience , vol. 358 , pp. 325-335 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2017.06.051

Title: ROLE OF CAPSAICIN- AND HEAT-SENSITIVE AFFERENTS IN STIMULATION OF ACUPOINT-INDUCED PAIN AND ANALGESIA IN HUMANS
Author: Lei, Jing; Ye, Gang; Wu, Jiang-Tao; Pertovaara, Antti; You, Hao-Jun
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2017-09-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Neuroscience
ISSN: 0306-4522
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/297940
Abstract: We investigated role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents within and without the areas of Zusanli (ST36)/Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints along the stomach (ST) meridian in the perception and modulation of pain assessed by visual analog scale of pain and its distribution rated by subjects, pressure pain threshold (PPT), and heat pain threshold (HPT) in humans. Compared with the treatment of non-acupoint area, capsaicin (100 mu g/50 mu l) administered into either ST36 or ST37 acupoint caused the strongest pain intensity and the most extensive pain distribution, followed by rapid onset, bilateral, long-lasting secondary mechanical hyperalgesia and slower onset secondary heat hypoalgesia (1 day after the capsaicin treatment). Between treatments of different acupoints, capsaicin administrated into the ST36 acupoint exhibited the stronger pain intensity and more widespread pain distribution compared with the treatment of ST37 acupoint. A period of 30- to 45-min, but not 15-min, 43 degrees C heating-needle stimulation applied to the ST36 acupoint significantly enhanced the HPT, and had no effect on PPT. Upon trapezius muscle pain elicited by the i.m. injection of 5.8% saline, pre-emptive treatment of the contralateral ST36 acupoint with 43 degrees C heating-needle stimulation alleviated the ongoing muscle pain, reduced painful area, and reversed the decrease in HPT. It is suggested that (1) pain elicited from the acupoint and non-acupoint areas differs significantly, which are supposed to be dependent on the different distributions and contributions of capsaicin-sensitive afferents. (2) Non-painful heat stimulation is a valid approach in prevention of ongoing muscle pain with associated post-effects of peripheral and central sensitization. (C) 2017 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: acupoint
capsaicin
muscle pain
endogenous controls of pain
hyperalgesia
hypoalgesia
ELECTRICAL NERVE-STIMULATION
DESCENDING FACILITATION
ACUPUNCTURE ANALGESIA
ELECTROACUPUNCTURE STIMULATION
DIFFERENT FREQUENCIES
PREEMPTIVE ANALGESIA
PERIAQUEDUCTAL GRAY
INHIBITORY CONTROLS
MUSCLE NOCICEPTION
HYPERTONIC SALINE
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
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