Au nanowire junction breakup through surface atom diffusion

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Vigonski , S , Jansson , V , Vlassov , S , Polyakov , B , Baibuz , E , Oras , S , Aabloo , A , Djurabekova , F & Zadin , V 2018 , ' Au nanowire junction breakup through surface atom diffusion ' , Nanotechnology , vol. 29 , no. 1 , 015704 .

Title: Au nanowire junction breakup through surface atom diffusion
Author: Vigonski, Simon; Jansson, Ville; Vlassov, Sergei; Polyakov, Boris; Baibuz, Ekaterina; Oras, Sven; Aabloo, Alvo; Djurabekova, Flyura; Zadin, Vahur
Contributor organization: Helsinki Institute of Physics
Department of Physics
Date: 2018-01-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 0957-4484
Abstract: Metallic nanowires are known to break into shorter fragments due to the Rayleigh instability mechanism. This process is strongly accelerated at elevated temperatures and can completely hinder the functioning of nanowire-based devices like e.g. transparent conductive and flexible coatings. At the same time, arranged gold nanodots have important applications in electrochemical sensors. In this paper we perform a series of annealing experiments of gold and silver nanowires and nanowire junctions at fixed temperatures 473, 673, 873 and 973 K (200 degrees C, 400 degrees C, 600 degrees C and 700 degrees C) during a time period of 10 min. We show that nanowires are especially prone to fragmentation around junctions and crossing points even at comparatively low temperatures. The fragmentation process is highly temperature dependent and the junction region breaks up at a lower temperature than a single nanowire. We develop a gold parametrization for kinetic Monte Carlo simulations and demonstrate the surface diffusion origin of the nanowire junction fragmentation. We show that nanowire fragmentation starts at the junctions with high reliability and propose that aligning nanowires in a regular grid could be used as a technique for fabricating arrays of nanodots.
Subject: 114 Physical sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: unspecified
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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