Leisure Time Physical Activity in Young Adults Born Preterm

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298182

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Tikanmäki , M , Kaseva , N , Tammelin , T , Sipola-Leppänen , M , Matinolli , H-M , Eriksson , J G , Järvelin , M-R , Vääräsmäki , M & Kajantie , E 2017 , ' Leisure Time Physical Activity in Young Adults Born Preterm ' , The Journal of Pediatrics , vol. 189 , pp. 135-+ . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.06.068

Title: Leisure Time Physical Activity in Young Adults Born Preterm
Author: Tikanmäki, Marjaana; Kaseva, Nina; Tammelin, Tuija; Sipola-Leppänen, Marika; Matinolli, Hanna-Maria; Eriksson, Johan G.; Järvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Vääräsmäki, Marja; Kajantie, Eero
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
Date: 2017-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: The Journal of Pediatrics
ISSN: 0022-3476
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298182
Abstract: Objective To evaluate the amount of self-reported physical activity in young adults born prematurely compared with those born at term. Study design Unimpaired participants of the Preterm Birth Study (Preterm Birth and Early Life Programming of Adult Health and Disease) birth cohort study were studied at age 23.3 +/- 1.2 (SD) years: 118 born early preterm (= 37 weeks, controls). The participants completed a validated 30-item, 12-month physical activity questionnaire. The annual frequency and total volume of conditioning and nonconditioning leisure time physical activity and commuting physical activity were calculated and the data analyzed by means of linear regression. Results Adults born early preterm reported a 31.5% (95% CI, 17.4-43.2) lower volume of leisure time physical activity (in metabolic equivalents [MET] h/year) and had a 2.0-fold increased OR (1.2-3.3) of being in the least active quintile than controls. Lower amounts of conditioning, nonconditioning, and commuting physical activity all contributed to the difference. In addition, early preterm participants undertook less vigorous physical activity (>= 6 MET). No differences in physical activity were found between the late preterm and control groups. Adjustments for potential early life confounders and current mediating health characteristics did not change the results. Conclusions Young adults born early preterm engage less in leisure time physical activities than peers born at term. This finding may in part underlie the increased risk factors of cardiometabolic and other noncommunicable diseases in adults born preterm. Low physical activity is a risk factor for several noncommunicable diseases and amenable to prevention.
Subject: LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT
CHRONIC LUNG-DISEASE
METABOLIC SYNDROME
EXERCISE CAPACITY
BLOOD-PRESSURE
CHILDREN BORN
HEART-DISEASE
RISK-FACTORS
METAANALYSIS
FITNESS
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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