Tricholoma matsutake may take more nitrogen in the organic form than other ectomycorrhizal fungi for its sporocarp development : the isotopic evidence

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Vaario , L-M , Sah , S P , Norisada , M , Narimatsu , M & Matsushita , N 2019 , ' Tricholoma matsutake may take more nitrogen in the organic form than other ectomycorrhizal fungi for its sporocarp development : the isotopic evidence ' , Mycorrhiza , vol. 29 , no. 1 , pp. 51-59 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-018-0870-8

Title: Tricholoma matsutake may take more nitrogen in the organic form than other ectomycorrhizal fungi for its sporocarp development : the isotopic evidence
Author: Vaario, Lu-Min; Sah, Shambhu Prasad; Norisada, Mariko; Narimatsu, Maki; Matsushita, Norihisa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Date: 2019-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Mycorrhiza
ISSN: 1432-1890
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298425
Abstract: Tricholoma matsutake is an ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungus capable of in vitro saprotrophic growth, but the sources of C and N used to generate sporocarps in vivo are not well understood. We examined natural abundance isotope data to investigate this phenomenon. For this purpose, C, N and their stable isotopes (13C, 15N) content of fungal sporocarps and their potential nutrient sources (i.e., foliage, litter, fine roots, wood, and soil) were investigated from two well-studied sites in Finland and Japan. Our results show that δ13C values of T. matsutake and other fungal groups are consistent with those of most studies, but a very high δ15N value (16.8‰ ± 2.3) is observed in T. matsutake. Such isotopic pattern of fungal δ15N suggests that matsutake has a greater proteolytic potential to digest chemically complex 15N-enriched organic matter and hydrophobic hyphae. This assumption is further supported by a significant and positive correlation between δ13Ccap–stipe and δ15Ncap–stipe exclusively in T. matsutake, which suggests common C and N sources (protein) possible for isotopically enriched cap. The 13C increase of caps relative to stipe presumably reflects greater contents of 13C-enriched protein than 13C-depleted chitin. We conclude that T. matsutake is a typical ECM fungus which obtains for its sporocarp development for both C and N from a common protein source (vs. photosynthetic carbon) present in soil organic matter.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
Stable isotope
Ectomycorrhizal fungi
Source
Sporocarps
Tricholoma matsutake
PINUS-DENSIFLORA FOREST
NATURAL N-15 ABUNDANCE
MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI
FRUIT BODIES
IN-VITRO
CARBON
PATTERNS
PLANTS
C-13
CULTIVATION
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